intro_ling-2014-09-pragmatics-handout.pdf - Pragmatics...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

3/19/2014 1 Pragmatics Pragmatics pragmatics: the study of the ways people use language in actual conversations Non-literal language How changes in context alter meaning Why some things are inappropriate and some are not context: that which surrounds, informs, underlies, and shapes a linguistic event Locution vs illocution We may find it useful to distinguish between locution and illocution when discussing pragmatics locution: the literal meaning of an utterance illocution: the intention that a speaker has in producing an utterance Can you pass the salt? I’m out of money. How many times have I told you not to eat on the couch? It’s cold in here. Direct and indirect speech acts This draws attention to the distinction between direct and indirect speech acts direct speech acts: perform their functions in a direct and literal manner; the locution and illocution match indirect speech acts: the literal meaning (locution) is not the intended meaning (illocution) Indirect speech acts - Examples It’s cold in here Infer: turn up the heat How many times have I told you not to eat on the couch? Infer: you shouldn’t be eating on the couch I’m out of money Infer: Can you lend me some money? Can you pass the salt? Infer: Pass me the salt! Indirect speech acts Direct speech acts are mainly the domain of syntax and semantics Pragmatics is largely concerned with indirect speech acts At least what we’ll study in this class
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

3/19/2014 2 Non-Literal Language Non-literal language non-literal language: language whose meaning does not come from a completely literal (denotative) interpretation idiom A group of words whose total meaning cannot be deduced from a literal interpretation of the parts Interpretation often dependent on cultural knowledge He wears his heart on his sleeve. John has a short fuse.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '12
  • Jamie Phillips

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern