student depression ppt (1).pptx - Depressive Disorders...

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Depressive Disorders Advanced Concepts in Mental Health Nursing Across the Continuum Chapter 14
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Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder Major Depressive Disorder Persistent Depressive Disorder Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder DSM-5
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Major Depressive Disorder is one of the most common mental disorders in the U. S. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2015) Nearly 7 percent of U.S. adults suffer from major depression in a given year. (AHRQ, 2015) One in four young adults will suffer a depressive episode between the ages of 18 and 25. (AHRQ, 2015) Prevalence
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The cause of depression is a multifaceted involving genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. They can be triggered by a stressful situation, build over time, or happen suddenly “out of the blue”. Depression can be a co-existing condition with other illnesses. Treating one can dramatically help the other. Etiology (National Institute of Mental Health, 2015)
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Genetic Biochemical Hormone Regulation Inflammatory Process Diathesis Stress Model Cognitive Theory (Beck’s Cognitive triad) Learned helplessness Theory Theories
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Female Unmarried Low socioeconomic class Early childhood trauma Negative life event Family history Ineffective coping Postpartum period Medical illness Absence of social support Alcohol or substance abuse Risk Factors
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Major Depressive Disorder is diagnosed by having a persistent depressed mood for greater than 2 weeks + 5 of the 8 symptoms below
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