Criminal Justice Trends1.docx

Criminal Justice Trends1.docx - Criminal Justice Trends...

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Criminal Justice Trends 1561 Words 7 Pages The criminal justice system is a group of institutions that work together  to protect a society, prevent and control crime, and maintain justice;  enforcing the laws regulated by society. As the years have gone by and society has evolved; so have the criminal justice system and its  methods to accomplish its role in society. This short analysis will  evaluate the main facts that have been affecting the criminal justice  system for decades and have influenced the evolution the justice  system is enduring in a changing society (Muraski, 2009). Amongst the  changes in the system, we will discuss the effect the changes have had on the citizens and how their perceptions have evolved as well.  In the criminal justice system three major agencies can be identified,  they are; the police, the courts, and the correctional institution. The  police responsibilities are of that of keeping the peace, apprehension of criminals, combat and prevention of crime, and social services. Once  officers have been involved and it is determined that a crime or any  other infraction has been committed, then the case will move into the  jurisdiction of the courts. The court system will then be responsible for  the adjudication of the subject where then the correctional system will  impose whatever punishment or treatment was deemed by the courts.  Once the corrections systems have received an inmate, the  punishment phase will commence, whether it is imprisonment,  probation, or community based correction. The previously mentioned  are the three mayor agencies that process a citizen who has committed a crime against the state law, as you can see, the process is similar to  that of an assembly line one might find in a factory. All agencies are  linked together as one for the simple fact that a decision made from the first agency can and may impact the process throughout the other 
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agencies. Specific characteristics that interlink these three agencies are discretion, resource dependence, sequential tasks, and filtering (Cole,  2008). All phases of the justice system reflect the freedom to make a  decision according to the own judgment of the agent that is working  with a case at the moment. The abuse of discretion leads to the most  notable issue that affects the accuracy and effectiveness of the system, discrimination. Even thought discretion is one of the most important  characteristic of the system because the American criminal justice does not have the tools to treat each individual case the same way, on the 
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