1- The seeds of global civilization(1)(1).pptx

1- The seeds of global civilization(1)(1).pptx - I.A The...

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AG 101: Ag & The Modern World Fall 2011 I.A : The Seeds of Global Civilization
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- Ralph Waldo Emerson “The first farmer was the first man. All historic nobility rests on the possession and use of land.” “The discovery of Agriculture was the first big step toward a civilized life.” - Arthur Keith
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the science, art, or practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock and in varying degrees the preparation and marketing of the resulting products. Agriculture is…
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End of Ice Age World became warmer and wetter Climate Stabilized CO2 levels increased = increased plant productivity Increase in Human Intelligence These factors helped make agriculture possible at this point in time. 10,000 B.C. = Beginnings of Agriculture
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Hunter/Gatherer Societies The Fertile Crescent SW Asia (present day Iraq/Iran) “Abu Hureyra” tribe = The world’s FIRST farmers Oldest evidence of agriculture/domestication Excavation site along Euphrates River in present day Syria 11,000 B.C. to 9,500 B.C. = tribe of gazelle hunters, gathered and ate 150+ species of plant (none cultivated) Evidence of Farming Appears after 9500 B.C. 10,000 B.C.
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The Fertile Crescent
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10,000 B.C. – 4000 B.C : “The Great Transition” 9500 B.C. – Fertile Crescent First signs of domesticated plants Grasses cultivated for Grains = Wheat, Barley, Rice Legumes cultivated for food, oil = Peas, Lentils, Beans Root Vegetables = yams, taro root, sweet potato 9000 B.C. – Evidence of farming Farming township Cultivated plants Wheat, barley, rye, lentils, chickpeas...
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