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Unformatted text preview: Lesson 4 : Social and Religious Responses to the Upanishads: Dharmashastras, Bhagavadgita, and Buddhist Ideals Answer the following questions: • 1. Name the four primary Varnas in Hindu society? Priests or Brahmans, Rulers and aristocrats Kshatriyas, Merchants/traders/farmers or Vaishyas, Laborers/craftsmen Shudras 2. What are the four Ashrama stages in the life of a Hindu male? Brahmacharya (stage of study), Garhasthya (the stage of householder), Vanaprastha (the stage of retirement), Sanyas (the stage of ascetism) 3. Which of the two Ashrama stages are relevant to a person interested in Moksha? Vanaprastha (the stage of retirement), Sanyas (the stage of ascetism) 4. What are the three accepted paths toward Moksha in post-Bhagavadgita era of Hinduism? • (Path of Saving Knowledge (Upanishads) • Path of Dispassionate Action based on one’s Social and Occupational Status and Responsibility (Bhagavadgita and Dharmashastra codes) • Path of Complete Devotion to one’s Chosen Deity, Ishvara or Avatar...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course RELIGION 001 taught by Professor Suchismitasen during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.

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Lesson 4 done - Lesson 4 Social and Religious Responses to...

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