SOCI 210 - Reading Response #10.docx

SOCI 210 - Reading Response #10.docx - Reading Response#10...

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Reading Response #10 The chapter begins by exploring how society reproduces itself as an introduction to the topic of change through policy and the law. Social change occurs in two ways, through formal institutions and through social movements such as protesting or lobbying. The textbook defines social change as “the transformation of culture and social institutions over time.” (Corrigall- Brown, 2016, 334) The previous topic of deviance is also very relevant in this chapter as it is one of the contributing factors to the reproduction of society. This is because we uphold society by reinforcing the idea of both formal and informal deviance; it is through formal or informal change to these ideas that social change occurs. This chapter explores the formal portion of social change, as suggested by the title. The first thing that must be explored is the risk of the state. The state is defined as “a set of institutions that includes four components: political decision-makers, who are either elected or appointed; administrative units or bureaucracies, such as a ministry of health or education; a judiciary or legal system; and security services (police within a country and armies outside).” (Corrigall-Brown, 2016, 335) What most people don’t think about when considering the state is the level of violence that we tolerate based on the accepted ideas of deviance. “The state’s right to use violence is considered justifiable because it works to maintain social order and to defend the nation’s interests.” (Corrigall-Brown, 2016, 335) While murder is considered one of the worst crimes one could commit within the state, killing another in combat is considered a great honour and there are no repercussions to this action; we disassociate the two when they are fundamentally the same action. States became important as large territories required management for the sake of enacting war and economic success. There are three perspectives in this respect: the managerial perspective, the militaristic perspective, and the economic perspective. The managerial
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