Answer Sheet.docx - John Warnock SID 24245811 Inhalants and general anesthetics 1 What was the first anesthetic discovered and used in surgery a Ether b

Answer Sheet.docx - John Warnock SID 24245811 Inhalants and...

This preview shows page 1 out of 1 page.

John Warnock SID: 24245811 10/14/2014 Inhalants and general anesthetics 1)What was the first anesthetic discovered and used in surgery? a)Etherb)Chloroformc)Methoxyfluraned)Cyclopropanee)Ethylene 2)What is an inhalation anesthetic? An inhalation anesthetic is a chemical compound that possesses general anaesthetic properties and is delivered via inhalation. The chemical is vaporised and administered through an anaesthesia mask or tube and is breathed in by the patient. Fermentation and Distillation, Alcoholic Beverages 1) Distilled Alcohol, formerly known as the “Quintessence” was originally used for what purpose? 2) In World War II, German submarine operators were forbidden from drinking, but the torpedos were propelled by Methanol. The sailors in some cases were so in need of a drink that they would open the torpedos to drink the methanol, but would go blind shortly
Image of page 1

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read the whole page?

Unformatted text preview: after. Write a few sentences describing the difference between how Ethyl alcohol and Methanol are processed in the human body, and why drinking Methanol might cause somebody who drinks it to go blind. Methanol, when ingested, pickles the retina . An enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase oxidizes it into formaldehyde, which attacks the optic nerve. When ingested, the human body cannot tell what to do with the formaldehyde, so it isn't eliminated by an enzyme like ethanol is. Ethanol is oxidized into acetaldehyde, and then an enzyme called acetaldehyde dehydrogenase oxidizes acetaldehyde into acetic acid. Acetic acid is metabolized into carbon dioxide, water, and fats. (The treatment for methanol poisoning is to give the patient ethanol, so as to overload the alcohol dehydrogenase enzymes with ethanol (competitive inhibition) that it cannot oxidize methanol. Methanol is then released through the kidneys.)...
View Full Document

  • Fall '15

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors