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Unformatted text preview: Lesson 04: Assignment Top of Form We recommend that you prepare your answers using your word processor and save them as separate files. Then cut and paste your answers into the text boxes provided below. Note: these boxes will scroll to accommodate the entire length of your answer. 1. What conditions provide management with the best strike leverage? Check Spelling The more an employer is willing and able to sustain a strike. There are three factors that come into play production, sales, and profits. Production is based on availability of substitute workers. Sales is based on availability of inventories also on alternative production sites. Profits is based on the effects of the strike on competitors also on capital and other continuing costs. Production must be maintained so sales are not greatly affected so if profits are lost it is minimal. 2. What conditions provide unions with the best strike leverage? Check Spelling Union strike leverage is best when the alternative sources of workers income are readily available and worker solidarity must be strong. 3. A. State the four Marshall conditions about the demand for labor. B. Under what circumstances will the demand for labor be relatively unresponsive to a change in the wage rate? Check Spelling A. Marshall's four conditions concerning demand for labor are the following. First is labor cannot be easily replaced in the production process by other workers or machines. Second is the demand for the final product is not sensitive to changes in price of product. Third is supply of nonlabor factors of production is not sensitive to changes of product. Fourth and final one is the ratio of labor costs to total costs is small. B. Circumstances involved in wage-employment trade-off, which is when a union is willing to accept a slow growth rate in employment or a decline in number of union jobs as a trade-off for higher wages. 4. Does the existence of labor unions create inflationary pressures in the economy? Explain why it does or why it does not. Check Spelling No, For this to happen union-nonunion wage differences would have to ever widening and since unions represent less than 10 % of the labor force union wage increases would have to spill over to nonunion wages to cause inflation. 5. Describe how the passage of the Wagner Act affected the nature of bargaining power for labor unions. Check Spelling It greatly increases the bargaining power by allowing unions the right to strike and making employers bargain in good faith. 6. How has the increase in the number of women in the labor force affected unions in the United State Check Spelling It is forcing unions with their male gender mentality to rethink and change their positions toward female workers. 7. How has the growth of the service sector in the United States affected the union movement? Check Spelling It has made the union movement harder to organize with employers have altenative production sites, more people in part-time jobs, a growing increase in home-based work, and employment agencies. 8. What is meant by the dual image of labor unions? Check Spelling This is seen as on the one hand most workers view unions as large powerful institutions that use significant control over political descision making and elected officials. Where on the other hand almost a similar number of workers view unions as helpful in making the the working lives of their members better. 9. Has technological change caused a de-skilling of jobs in the United States? Check Spelling Yes it has because with technological advancements certain jobs once held by employees are now handled more by machines but it also serves to open up new variations of work that just need to be reconfigured to accommodate advancements. 10. How has the increase in the non-unionized sector impacted the union movement in the United States? Check Spelling It has hurt it with more nonunion production has increased or with more employers able to shift production from union sites to nonunion sites should the union strike has reduced the unions bargaining power greatly. Bottom of Form powered by ANGEL Learning's MindClick(tm)Process Technology ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course LIR 100 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.
- Spring '07