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Double Victory.pdf - Double​ ​Victory ● ● ● ●...

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Unformatted text preview: Double​ ​Victory ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● The​ ​Double​ ​V​ ​campaign​ ​had​ ​the​ ​goal​ ​to​ ​both​ ​win​ ​the​ ​win​ ​over​ ​Nazism​ ​across​ ​the​ ​ocean​ ​and​ ​se “Harlem​ ​Hellfighters” ○ One​ ​of​ ​the​ ​rare​ ​segregated​ ​troops​ ​that​ ​actually​ ​saw​ ​combat ■ Henry​ ​Johnson​ ​was​ ​one​ ​of​ ​the​ ​decorated​ ​members​ ​of​ ​this​ ​squad 99th​ ​Pursuit​ ​Unit ○ Tuskegee​ ​Airmen ○ Charles​ ​Anderson,​ ​known​ ​as​ ​the​ ​father​ ​of​ ​black​ ​aviation,​ ​takes​ ​Eleanor​ ​Roosevelt​ ​to​ ​fly ○ Soon​ ​became​ ​the​ ​face​ ​of​ ​black​ ​participation​ ​in​ ​the​ ​military Eleanor​ ​Roosevelt​ ​fought​ ​to​ ​bring​ ​light​ ​to​ ​how​ ​capable​ ​black​ ​americans​ ​truly​ ​are A.​ ​Philip​ ​Randolph​ ​spearheaded​ ​the​ ​Double​ ​V​ ​campaign It​ ​was​ ​believed​ ​that​ ​black​ ​americans​ ​would​ ​dodge​ ​the​ ​draft​ ​in​ ​order​ ​to​ ​“get​ ​with​ ​their​ ​women” and​ ​stockpiling​ ​weapons​ ​such​ ​as​ ​guns,​ ​ice​ ​picks,​ ​etc. During​ ​the​ ​war,​ ​African​ ​Americans​ ​were​ ​still​ ​being​ ​discriminated​ ​against,​ ​beaten,​ ​lynched. There’s​ ​also​ ​an​ ​increase Randolph​ ​plans​ ​the​ ​“Original​ ​March​ ​on​ ​Washington”​ ​to​ ​pressure​ ​the​ ​government​ ​on​ ​the​ ​question of​ ​employment​ ​of​ ​African​ ​Americans ○ The​ ​march​ ​never​ ​happens​ ​because​ ​FDR​ ​issued​ ​an​ ​executive​ ​order​ ​to​ ​establish​ ​the​ ​Fair Employment​ ​Practices​ ​Committee​ ​(FEPC)​ ​to​ ​avoid​ ​the​ ​political​ ​fallout​ ​of​ ​the​ ​march ■ Was​ ​enforced​ ​by​ ​the​ ​promise​ ​of​ ​federal​ ​funds In​ ​1943,​ ​there​ ​are​ ​more​ ​than​ ​200​ ​race​ ​riots​ ​in​ ​America F.O.R. ○ Fellowship​ ​Of​ ​Reconciliation ○ Journey​ ​of​ ​Reconciliation ○ Early​ ​civil​ ​rights​ ​group Rustin​ ​was​ ​often​ ​sidelined​ ​because​ ​he​ ​was​ ​gay,​ ​which​ ​angered​ ​several​ ​civil​ ​rights​ ​leaders Rustin​ ​was​ ​extremely​ ​influential​ ​to​ ​MLK Truman​ ​issued​ ​the​ ​executive​ ​order​ ​to​ ​end​ ​segregation​ ​in​ ​the​ ​military ○ It​ ​was​ ​a​ ​decision​ ​he​ ​forced​ ​into ○ It​ ​was​ ​an​ ​extremely​ ​controversial​ ​order​ ​that​ ​led​ ​to​ ​a​ ​large​ ​portion​ ​of​ ​the​ ​party​ ​abandoning Truman ...
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