childabuseIndia.doc - SUMMARY OF STUDY ON CHILD ABUSE INDIA 2007 by India Committee of the Netherlands Report by Ministry of Women and Child Development

childabuseIndia.doc - SUMMARY OF STUDY ON CHILD ABUSE INDIA...

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SUMMARY OF “STUDY ON CHILD ABUSE: INDIA 2007” by India Committee of the Netherlands Report by Ministry of Women and Child Development – Government India Dr. L. Kacker (IAS), Srinivas Varadan, Pravesh Kumar Supported by: Save The Children and UNICEF BACKGROUNDINFORMATION: CHILD ABUSE IN INDIA 19% of the world’s children live in India. 42% of India’s total population are aged below eighteen. India is home to almost 19 percent of the world’s children. Child protection has remained largely unaddressed. Critical concerns: Every fifth child in the world lives in India Every third malnourished child in the world lives in India Every second Indian child is underweight. Three out of four children in India are anaemic Every second new born has reduced learning capacity due to iodine deficiency Decline in female/male ratio is maximum in 0-6 years: 927 females per 1000 males Birth registration is just 62% Retention rate at Primary level is 71.01% Girls’ enrolment in schools at primary level is 47.79% 1104 lakh child labour in the country (SRO 2000) Children born with low birth weight are 46% Children under 3 with anemia are 79% Immunization coverage is very low Harmful traditional practices like child marriage, caste system, discrimination against the girl child, child labour and Devadasi tradition impact negatively on children and increase their vulnerability to abuse and neglect. Report 2005: “Trafficing in Women and Children in India”: 44,476 children were missing in India; India major source and destination country for trafficking children from within India and adjoining countries Three to five lakh girl children in commercial sex and organisized prostitution. BACKGROUND OF STUDY ON CHILD ABUSE 2007 According to the researchers the only data on child abuse in India that are rather trustworthy are the data of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). The numbers of NCRB show a steep rise in the total number of crimes against children ( this rise is interpreted as indicative for a rise in crimes against children, while it could also mean a rise in reporting crimes-JB) The only information available annually on child abuse is the crime data of NCRB. But a look at the data shows that many forms of childabuse are not included. Besides that there is gross under-reporting of crimes of children. The lack of data was a main reason for this study. Aim of the study: To develop a comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon of child abuse, with a view to facilitate the formulation of appropriate policies and programmes meant to effectively curb and control the problem of child abuse in India. The study is one of the largest empirical in-country studies of its kind in the world. The study also complements the UN Secretary General’s Global Study on Violence against Children 2006.
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