Unformatted text preview: Kutrolli 1 Mikaela Kutrolli
Mr. Kuegler, Mrs. Kuegler
June 1, 2017
Which country more than America can represent the land of immigration? In the
most utilized search engine, known as Google, when you type “America country of” the
first word that appears is “Freedom” and the second one is “Immigrants”. Indeed
immigration is one of the biggest, most spoken and argued topics in the political,
economic and civilian field because every year women and men from all over the world
come to America for a better future and more opportunities. One of the biggest periods
of European immigration was in the 19th century, when 20 million of Europeans moved
to America, looking for jobs and new opportunities (US Immigration). Their treatment
was not the best, they had to face several difficulties, working under strict and unfair
rules at works that were not always safe (Houghton). This is very similar to the present
where it is possible to find workplace violations and unfair treatment for immigrants still
happen (Meyerson). America has become a melting pot society, characterized by
several ethnicities and because of higher birth rates of nonwhites, minorities are
becoming majorities (Majerol). And by 2065 it is expected that ⅓ of Americans will be
an immigrant or from immigrant parents (Cohn). Recently many Americans have
become concerned at these changes and in 2017 President Donald Trump has
presented narrow ideas, which will affect the future of immigration. He even talks about Kutrolli 2 the construction of a wall on the border with Mexico, to prevent undocumented
immigrants from Mexico. Furthermore, President Donald Trump with the Executive
Order 13769, banned people from certain countries from entering the United States to
protect the Nation from islamic extremism (Executive Order). But many people, such as
Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany, criticize him for using terrorism as an excuse to
ban Muslims from entering in the USA (Mowat).
Throughout American history, people from all over the world chose America as the
destination of their long journey for different reasons, like religion and political freedom,
economic situation, and to ensure a better future for their children. The word “immigrant”
exist since 1780-1790 and it is from the Latin verb immigrāre that means to move into
(“Immigrant”). When talking about the American history it is also necessary to talk about
immigration. In fact, Oscar Handlin, who won the 1952 Pulitzer Prize for History for The
Uprooted, said: “Once I thought to write of the immigrants in America, then I discovered
that the immigrants were American history”. (Kessner). But why America? America is
the land of opportunity, the land of freedom where you can escape from the poverty, the
land where everyone can practice their own religion, the land where you can become
whatever you want (Gilder Leherman Institute).
In America’s history, there are a lot of periods in which many immigrants from the
same country moved in the US at the same time. For example during the 19th century,
between 1820 and 1920, when 20 million Europeans, of which 600,000 Italians, left their
homeland and reached America, making up one of the biggest migratory flows in the
American’s history(History.com). The causes of this flow of immigrants were due to the Kutrolli 3 circumstances in Europe. Immigrants from Italy, especially the southern part, and
Ireland were escaping from poverty and starvation and looking for jobs. Jews were
escaping from religious and political persecution. Furthermore, some Europeans were
just looking for a peaceful land, since in the last period of time Europe was constantly in
war (Houghton, Schrover). Once they arrived, immigrants had to face a strict process to
enter the country.
In the late 1800s, the process of entering the immigrants in the US was very
different from today. Ellis Island was the federal immigration station, through where
immigrants passed. (History.com) Even if only a small percentage of immigrant was sent
back to their homeland because the companies didn’t want to pay the ticket of the ship,
the procedure was pretty long and always present. Immigrants had to pass a medical
examination and answer some questions about political beliefs to make sure they had
not anarchist beliefs against democracy, to make sure they had enough money and a
place to stay. Once they passed these examinations they were free to enter the country.
However, if they had some disease or illness or did not answer the questions correctly,
they were asked to leave America and go back to their homeland. (History.com,
Usually, immigrants from the same culture or the same country lived together in
neighborhoods in large cities. Most were not treated fairly and faced several challenges.
The most common job for them was a factory worker. Factories at the time weren’t as
safe as today and the wage was much lower (Houghton). Employers took advantage of
the poor immigrants who were desperately looking for a job and that would accept Kutrolli 4 almost everything to keep the job. There were a lot of immigrants and sometimes not
enough jobs, so the competition increased and the salary declined. (Immigration to the
United States). Although they had to face different challenges, their willingness to work
hard made the United States became a powerful country, a country that can realize
Besides the economic field, immigration transformed the nation’s identity during
the years, in so far that today America has a “New Face” (Majerol). For the first time in
America, more minorities are being born in the United States than whites. This means
that Americans live in a country in which minorities are becoming today the majority. For
example, today in California, Hawaii, New Mexico, Texas and Washington D.C.
non-whites make up more than the 50% of the population. For example, in Hawaii, the
77% is made up by minorities, especially Asian. (Majerol) This big demographic
transformation is seen by some Americans as a beautiful chance to experience several
cultures from foreign lands and as an enrichment resource. America has changed in a
multicultural country where lately it is possible for Americans to check off more than one
box to create their own ethnicity profile. This is because a change of birth patterns;
today more than in the past people of different race may give birth to babies, who
represent different ethnic groups (Majerol).But such a big thing can lead to fear.
Xenophobic is a word that describes a person who is scared, distrusts, or dislikes
people from other cultures (“Xenophobia”). Xenophobia and racism have led to
immigration-opposition. One example may be the refugees in America who are
considered dangerous. In 2016 President Obama admitted 8,000 Syrian refugees into Kutrolli 5 the US, though in Europe there were several attacks by ISIS members who entered in
the countries with refugees. Some people believe that this policy must be more
restricted to ensure security and freedom of American citizens because it is like the
Trojan horse, where terrorism have the possibility to infiltrate from moment to moment.
A solution would be the placement of refugees in safe zones near their homeland, which
some believe would not only save many lives but also save American’s money (Babin).
And for some Americans, the fear of change is directly proportional to the time that is
moving forward. That means that the fear of an immigrant nation is increasing as the
time goes on.
Xenophobia is powered by immigrants that keep coming today and by those who
are predicted to move in the next years. According to new Pew Research Center
projections, by 2065 about ⅓ of Americans will be immigrant or from immigrant parents
(Cohn). Furthermore, statistics confirm that white Americans by 2065 will make up only
46% of the entire population in contrast to the current 67% (Cohn). Always more
important is a current and future issue relating to the American’s preference of
Europeans, Asians, and immigrants who are highly skilled and educated and the fact
that most of the time immigrants were not so (surveys reveal that Hispanic will be the
24% of the population) will create even more anger and fear among some Americans
(Cohn). Therefore America, not only has become “New Face” recently but over time
America will continue to change the face. An illustration of the American society by 2065
shows a demographic increase of 117 million people due to immigration.(Cohn) Indeed
immigration is considered as the greatest factor For population growth. (Elbel) 31.1 Kutrolli 6 million people that live in the US are immigrant, plus 750,000 are the annual births from
immigrant women. (Elbel) By 2065 no ethnic group will take the place of today’s white
majority, but it is also true that, according to the statistics, no racial or ethnic group will
be a majority (Cohn). Recently many Americans have become concerned at these
changes and in 2017 President Donald Trump has presented narrow ideas about
President Donald Trump, shortly after his election, put in practice one of his
points of the reform plan: he banned certain countries from entering the United States to
protect the country from Islamic extremism. With the Executive Order 13769, the United
States President will “Protect the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United
States”.The President himself said he wanted to create a "total and complete shutdown
of Muslims entering the United States". In other words, this executive order is a ban on
Muslims, considered by many Americans unconstitutional (Pate). Muslims were recently
not allowed to enter the United States, even if they were persecuted and they were
authorized to stay permanently with visas and green cards (Pate). Many were the
rebellions to this order and many criticized this action. For example, the German
Chancellor Angela Merkel told U.S. President Donald Trump that “global fight against
terrorism was no excuse for banning refugees or people from Muslim-majority countries
from entering the United States”. (Mowat) Angela Merkel is not the only one, many other
people think this is the wrong way to combat terrorism, moreover, this could cause even
more anger by terrorists. History made the humanity think that refugees never turned
out to be terrorist and even if we include the attack that failed, just 0.0002% were Kutrolli 7 terrorists (Bier). During the American history, none of the acts of terrorism has links with
refugees (Bier). No person in power should use terrorism as an excuse to control US
immigration edges and prefer common people with similar beliefs to people with
different religious beliefs, such as Muslims.
Immigration during the years has shown positivity in the United States in many
fields, for example, economic and cultural. Immigration affects everyone, every territory
in the whole world and it always has been present since the appearance of man on
Earth. Throughout the past decades and even more in the present, immigration has a
really important impact on the society. In the past, there were periods of significant
migratory flows such as the 19th century, characterized by Italian and Irish immigrants.
Reasons for moving into the US has not really changed, more opportunities and better
lifestyle are one of the most common reasons. Religious and political persecution has
been and still is another important motive that pushed and motivated people to migrate
to America. Not always immigrants have been treated fairly, as for example recently with
the majority Muslims-countries ban by Executive order of the President. Many have
thought this is unfair and unconstitutional because not letting Muslims entering the USA
is the wrong way to combat terrorism. Terrorism can not be used as an excuse to ban
different people entering the country. Immigration is a great resource for cultural and
economic enrichment. As President John F. Kennedy said: “Everywhere immigrants
have enriched and strengthened the fabric of American life.” Kutrolli 8 Works Cited
Babin, Brian. "America's Refugee Program: A Clear and Present Danger." N
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"Anti-immigrant Activists More Prone to Terrorism than Refugees." N
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Cohn, D’Vera. "Future Immigration Will Change the Face of America by 2065." Pew
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- Fall '17
- Mr. Kueglar