A&P1- updated Review outline MT 1.docx

A&P1- updated Review outline MT 1.docx - 1 Introduction...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. Introduction to the Human Body Anatomical Position and Directionality Anatomical position: o Supine: laying on the back o Prone: laying face down Directional terms: o Anterior o Posterior o Superior o Inferior o Medial o Lateral o Proximal: towards an attached base The thigh is proximal to the foot o Distal: away from an attached base The fingers are distal to the wrist o Superficial o Deep Regional terminology the head and neck: o cephalic: cranial facial: frontal ocular nasal buccal otic o cervical torso o acromial o axillary o brachial o antecubital o olecarnal o antebrachial o carpal o manual o palmar o phalangeal o pollex o mammary o thoracic
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o abdominal o umbilical o lumbar o gluteal o pelvic o pubic o inguinal lower body: o femoral o popliteal o coaxial (hip) o cural o sural o tarsal o pedal o plantar o calcaneal o hallux abdominopelvic regions: diaphragm o rx hypochondriac: part of liver o epigastric: liver and stomach o lf hypochondriac: spleen transpyloric plane o rx lumbar o umbilical: large intestine and small intestine o lf lumbar transtubercular plane o rx inguinal: appendix o hypogastric/ pubic: urinary bladder o lf inguinal planes and sections frontal/coronal midsagittal (parasagittal) transverse body cavities membranes: serous membrane (pericardium, pleura, peritoneum) visceral layer serum fluid parietal layer
Image of page 2
cranial cavity: cranial bones and contains brain vertebral canal: vertebral column and contains spinal cord and beginning of spinal nerves thoracic cavity o pleural cavity: surrounds the lungs o pericardial cavity: surrounds the heart o mediastinum: central portion of thoracic cavity btw lungs. Contains heart, thymus, esophagus, trachea Abdominopelvic cavity o Abdominal cavity: Contains stomach, spleen, gallbladder, small intestine and most large intestine o Pelvic cavity: Contains bladder, part of large intestine, reproductive organs. Examples: The lungs: the serous membrane of the lungs is called the pleura o The parietal pleura lines the thoracic wall and the visceral pleura is attached to the surface of the lungs o In btw these two layers is the serum fluid Digestive organs: the serous membrane of the digestive organs is the peritoneum o The parietal peritoneum wraps around and attaches the abdominal organs to the posterior abdominal wall o The visceral peritoneum lines the organ surface o The peritoneal cavity is the space btw the parietal and visceral peritoneal layers Retroperitoneal: kidneys, part of duodenum, pancreas, part of rectum Heart: visceral pericardium lines the heart, parietal pericardium lines the cavity 4. Microscope (use handout and microscope) identify and know function of : Ocular lens Head Arm Revolving nose piece Objective lenses Stage Condenser lens Mechanical stage Iris diaphragm lever Condenser
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Substage light Base Fine adjustment knob Coarse adjustment knob
Image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern