A&P1- updated Review outline MT 1.docx

A&P1- updated Review outline MT 1.docx - 1 Introduction...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

1. Introduction to the Human Body Anatomical Position and Directionality Anatomical position: o Supine: laying on the back o Prone: laying face down Directional terms: o Anterior o Posterior o Superior o Inferior o Medial o Lateral o Proximal: towards an attached base The thigh is proximal to the foot o Distal: away from an attached base The fingers are distal to the wrist o Superficial o Deep Regional terminology the head and neck: o cephalic: cranial facial: frontal ocular nasal buccal otic o cervical torso o acromial o axillary o brachial o antecubital o olecarnal o antebrachial o carpal o manual o palmar o phalangeal o pollex o mammary o thoracic
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

o abdominal o umbilical o lumbar o gluteal o pelvic o pubic o inguinal lower body: o femoral o popliteal o coaxial (hip) o cural o sural o tarsal o pedal o plantar o calcaneal o hallux abdominopelvic regions: diaphragm o rx hypochondriac: part of liver o epigastric: liver and stomach o lf hypochondriac: spleen transpyloric plane o rx lumbar o umbilical: large intestine and small intestine o lf lumbar transtubercular plane o rx inguinal: appendix o hypogastric/ pubic: urinary bladder o lf inguinal planes and sections frontal/coronal midsagittal (parasagittal) transverse body cavities membranes: serous membrane (pericardium, pleura, peritoneum) visceral layer serum fluid parietal layer
Image of page 2
cranial cavity: cranial bones and contains brain vertebral canal: vertebral column and contains spinal cord and beginning of spinal nerves thoracic cavity o pleural cavity: surrounds the lungs o pericardial cavity: surrounds the heart o mediastinum: central portion of thoracic cavity btw lungs. Contains heart, thymus, esophagus, trachea Abdominopelvic cavity o Abdominal cavity: Contains stomach, spleen, gallbladder, small intestine and most large intestine o Pelvic cavity: Contains bladder, part of large intestine, reproductive organs. Examples: The lungs: the serous membrane of the lungs is called the pleura o The parietal pleura lines the thoracic wall and the visceral pleura is attached to the surface of the lungs o In btw these two layers is the serum fluid Digestive organs: the serous membrane of the digestive organs is the peritoneum o The parietal peritoneum wraps around and attaches the abdominal organs to the posterior abdominal wall o The visceral peritoneum lines the organ surface o The peritoneal cavity is the space btw the parietal and visceral peritoneal layers Retroperitoneal: kidneys, part of duodenum, pancreas, part of rectum Heart: visceral pericardium lines the heart, parietal pericardium lines the cavity 4. Microscope (use handout and microscope) identify and know function of : Ocular lens Head Arm Revolving nose piece Objective lenses Stage Condenser lens Mechanical stage Iris diaphragm lever Condenser
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Substage light Base Fine adjustment knob Coarse adjustment knob
Image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern