Psyc Exam Notes 1

Psyc Exam Notes 1 - Key Stress & and Health Terms...

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Sources of stress Life events Loss of family members Natural disasters Daily hassle Frustrations Failure to satisfy a motive Ex. - A child cannot get a toy he has dropped Conflict The result of two or more incompatible motives Four major types Approach-approach – when an indiv. must pick between to positive goals of equal value Avoidance – avoidance – individual must choose between two negative outcomes. Approach – avoidance – When a positive goals comes along with a negative too Multiple Approach – avoidance – when an individual must choose between two choices where there are both positive and negative aspects along with them Pressure Stress that arises from the threat of negative events Source of stress Environmental conditions Stressful Heat Cold
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Cloudy Pollution etc. Reacting to Stress common predictable reactions Emotions and motives Psychological Anxiety Depression Decreased ability to think Concentrate and make decisions Physiological General Adaptation Syndrome Alarm reaction Initials response to any threat Body mobilizes stored resources Increased heart rate Blood pressure Diverts blood to muscle Increases perspiration Prepares the body for physical struggle Same hormones used to activate immune system are released Resistance stage Bodies resources have been fully mobilized
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Resistance to stress is very high Continuous stress will deplete resources Exhaustion Stage Continuous repeating stress Resources depleted Rare occasion death can occur Disrupts body functioning Unhealthy Aspects Most common stressors of GAS unnecessary Wastes energy Dangerous if prolonged Trying to resistance stress Body reacts same as if it were an infection or injury Immune System Decrease effectiveness Affected more by stress w/ increasing age
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Depression Caused by complex stressors Impairs immune system Influencing reaction to stress Age of Victim influences levels of stress Predictability Less stressful when predictable Personal Control More stressed when not in control Personality Type A Intense competitiveness Hostility towards others workaholic Sense of time urgency Coping with stress Effective Remove source of stressor Reappraise the way you think about it Behavior Management Ex. If you have a lot of things to do, make pleasure time Ineffective Withdrawl and ignore stress Aggression Common reaction to frustration
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Use of drugs to cope Defense Mechanisms Unconsciously used tactics to discharge tension
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Psyc Exam Notes 1 - Key Stress & and Health Terms...

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