2 - Next I will describe the main differences between...

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2. The main differences between criminal law and civil law is criminal covers violations against society and civil law regulates relations between individuals. Criminal law sources are found in constitutional law as defined by the U.S. Constitution, statutory law or laws passed by legislature whether national or state, case law as decisions have been determined and upheld by judges, and administrative law or decisions that have been made by both federal and state governmental agencies especially in matters of health, safety, and the environment in the public interest. Another differences are the burden of proof that must be met in criminal law cases is much higher than in civil law cases.
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Unformatted text preview: Next I will describe the main differences between substantive law and procedural law. Substantive criminal law defines acts that are punishable and what the punishment would be so if an act is not punishable under criminal law it is not illegal. It is based on seven principles: legality, actus reus, causation, harm, concurrence, mens rea, and punishment. On the other hand procedural criminal law defines how authorities must handle cases in all phases from investigation of a crime to the offender being released after completing his/her punishment. All aspects of procedural criminal law are covered in the bill of rights specifically the fourth, fifth, sixth, and eight amendments....
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