C121 task3.docx - Willie J Harrington C121 Task 3 Part A...

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Willie J. Harrington C121 Task 3 Part A During reconstruction, many southern plantation owners found themselves in debt because of the end of slavery. A lot of formers slaves left the plantation to seek out lost family members, and others left because they were free. This left the former slave owners scrabbling to find help with the everyday operation on the plantation. A system was invented in the 1870’s and 80’s known as sharecropping. Sharecropping is when a white landowner would rent a piece of their land to black’s and they would share the crops they produced. This help the white owner keep their land and it gave former slaves a place to live. But for blacks sharecropping was not what they expected, because they grew more and more in debt to the land owners. (Norton 2015) Another changed that happen during the reconstruction was the 15 th amendment. This amendment forbid state to deny anyone to vote regardless of race and color. The amendment became law in 1870, and a lot of African Americans rejoiced it. They helped strengthen the southern republican party. Blacks said they only voted for republicans because that was the party that freed them. At the 1868-1870 convention, there was a sizeable number of black delegates from the south (265 out of 1000). (Norton 2015) Finally, another change that happen during the reconstruction was Black codes. Even through African Americans were free, they still had to carry a card to say they were freed, they had a curfew to obey, and they had to live in housing provided by a landowner. If they were caught disobeying the rules they were consequences. For example, if a black person was caught drunk in public in Louisiana they were fined $5 and they had to do community services. These
black codes made an uproar with the people of the north. They claim these codes were reverting to slavery. (Norton 2015) Part B Like the Industrialization in Europe, America’s Industrialization grew over night. Large cities began to grow from 10 million to over 50 million, mostly from new Immigrants coming into the country to seek a better life, and from rural areas where rising debts and bad crop prices made farmers leave and move to bigger cities to find work. The Influx of people migrating to the large cities made housing difficult to find, and when there was housing rent was very high, this made a lot of families share housing so they can pay the rent. Crime also risen in large cities. The

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