LANDFORMS EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE.docx

LANDFORMS EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE.docx - IntroducTon to...

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Introduction to Landforms (EXAM ONE STUDY GUIDE) THE WEEK OF AUGUST 22, 2016 Scientific method: o The recognition of a problem o The collection of data through observation and experiment o The creation of models o The formulation and testing of hypotheses The five themes of geography: o I. Location: position on Earth’s surface o II. Place: physical and human characteristic o III. Human/environment interaction: shaping the landscape o IV. Movement: humans interacting on the Earth o V. Regions: how they form and change The human characteristics and physical characteristics of place: o Human People Culture Language religion Cities (created by man) o Physical Land features Mountains, plains, plateaus Climate Bodies of water The three human-environment interactions: o Humans adapt to the environment (clothing; crops that can thrive in a particular climate) o Humans modify the environment (dams; highways; cities) o Humans depends on the environment (rivers for transportation; water for everyday survival) The three types of regions: o Formal Those set through governmental or administrative boundaries, or set by physical properties Georgia, Appalachia o Functional Set via predominant function, such as –
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Television station’s viewing area, “wheat belt”, “silicon valley” o Vernacular Perception The South, the Snowbelt, Appalachia The four great spheres: o Atmosphere The gaseous layer that surrounds the earth o Lithosphere The outermost solid layer of the Earth provides a platform for most life-forms o Hydrosphere The abiotic open system that includes all of the Earth’s water o Biosphere The intricate web that links all organisms with their physical environment FIRE LAKE Endogenic and exogenic systems: o Endo: below Endogenic system encompasses internal processes that produce flows of heat and material from deep below the crust, powered by radioactive decay o Exo: in the air Exogenic system includes external processes that set air, water (streams and waves), and ice into motion, powered by solar energy. This is the fluid realm of Earth’s environment Eon: 1 billion years Era: usually at least 50 million years Periods: a division of geologic time longer Epochs: usually less than tens of millions years ago The Anthropocene o A proposed epoch that began when human activities started to have a significant global impact on Earth’s geology and ecosystems
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