Athens and Sparta Comparison Activity.doc.docx

Athens and Sparta Comparison Activity.doc.docx - Name Date...

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Name: Date: Pd: Directions: Use the chart to compare life in Athens and Sparta. Use the information to complete the questions. Athens Sparta Government Athenian Government Usually classified as a "direct democracy" (because everyone, not just politicians attended the Assembly), Athens claims to be the "birthplace of democracy". Elected officials including 10 generals , magistrates , and others. Council of 500 was charged with administering decisions made by the Assembly. The Assembly open to all citizens (all citizens were eligible to attend such meetings and speak up). They passed laws and made policy decisions. The Assembly met on the Hill of the Pnyx at the foot of the Acropolis. During time of Pericles citizens were paid for jury service so not only the wealthy could participate. Women did not participate in the political life of Athens. Spartan Government: Usually classified as an "oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Two kings who were generals in command of the armies and with some religious duties. Five overseers elected annually ran the day-to-day operations of Sparta. They could veto rulings made by the council or assembly. Council or Senate of 28 councilmen (men over 60 and elected for life by the citizens) and the 2 kings. They acted as judges and proposed laws to the citizens' assembly. The Assembly of all Spartan males aged 30 or over could support or veto the council's recommendations by shouting out their votes. Women did not participate in the political life of Sparta. Social Structure Social Structure of Athens: Freemen were all male citizens: divided into numerous classes: Top were aristocrats who had large estates and made up the cavalry or captained triremes; Middle ranks were small farmers; Lowest class was the thetes (urban craftsmen and trireme rowers). Metics - those who came from outside the city; they were not allowed to own land, but could run industries and businesses.
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