study.pdf - Bicarbonate what compartment in the body is it...

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Bicarbonate: what compartment in the body is it found in? Where is its primary influence? what are its functions? What are the normal lab values for it? an anion that is the major chemical base buffer within the body found in both ECF and ICF; regulates acid- base balance, is the bodies primary buffer system; normal serum levels are 2.5-4.5 mg/dL Calcium: what compartment in the body is it found in? Where is its primary influence? what are its functions? What are the normal lab values for it? most abundant electrolyte in the body, major component of bones and teeth, 99% stored in bone 1% located in cells, 0.1% located in ECF; major role in transmitting nerve impulses, helps regulate muscle contraction and relaxation, role in blood coagulation, activates enzymes that stimulate essential chemical reactions in the body and allows B12 absorption; normal total serum calcium level is 8.6-10.2 mg/dL, normal ionized serum calcium level is 4.5-5.1 mg/dL Chloridewhat compartment in the body is it found in? Where is its primary influence? what are its functions? What are the normal lab values for it?: major ECF anion major component of interstitial and lymph fluid, gastric and pancreatic juices, sweat, bile, and saliva, acts with sodium to maintain the osmotic pressure, plays a role in the body's acid-base balance, combines with hydrogen ions to produce hydrochloric acid; normal serum level of chloride 97-107 mEq/L During hypervolemia, although the body tries to maintain normal fluid balance in all spaces, what normally occurs? the intravascular fluid is usually protected at the expense of interstitial fluid and ICF During hypervolemia the extracellular osmotic pressure increases, why does this happen and what occurs as a result of this? because sodium and water are being retained; fluid is pulled from the cells to equalize the tonicity
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During hypervolemia what has occurred by the time the body makes the ICF and ECF spaces isotonic to each other? there is an excess of both water and soium in the ECF and hardly any fluids in the cells; this excessive ECF may accumulate in either the intravascular compartments of interstitial spaces(edema) Explain the milliequivelant measurement used for electrolytes. it describes the chemical activity of electrolytes, one mEw of either a cation or anion is chemically equivalent to the activity of 1mg of Hydrogen thus making mEq of cations and anions equal Extracellular Fluid Compartment. What does it include? where fluids are stored outside of the cells, accounts for about 30% of the total body water or 20% of the adults body weight; includes the intravasular and interstitial fluids Functions of water in the body. transporting nutrients to cells and wastes from cells, transporting hormones, enzymes, blood platelets, and red and white blood cells, facilitating cellular metabolism and proper cellular chemical functioning, acting as a solvent for electrolytes and non-electrolytes, helping maintain normal body temp, facilitating digestion, promoting elimination, and acting as a tissue lubricant How are electrolytes measured?
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