Achatina Fulica-paper

Achatina Fulica-paper - Nichole Leese A38786095 Achatina...

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Nichole Leese A38786095 Achatina Fulica: Giant African Land Snail Achatina Fulica was originally a native of East Africa, but since the nineteenth century has spread worldwide (“Achatina Fulica 1). Achatina Fulica thrives in tropical climates with warm, year round temperatures and high humidity (Cowie 2). The A. Fulica has a very broad range of vegetation that it feeds on. Young snails, any where between 5 and 30mm, feed on living organisms, while very small and older snails prefer detritus and decaying organisms. Their food of choice includes: bananas, beans, marigold, brinjal, cabbage, cauliflower, pumpkin and papaya (Cowie 3). A. Fulica is an obligate-out crossing hermaphrodite. This means that one externally fertilized female snail can establish a population (Cowie 4). Snails begin to lay eggs at six months of age and in their first year lay up 100 eggs and in their second year up to 500 eggs (Cowie 4). Individuals mature around five to fifteen months, and may live as long as nine years, though the average lifespan is closer to five (Cowie 4). Around the year 1800, the wife of the governor of Mauritius, was suffering from chest pains. As a treatment the doctor advised the use of Achatina Fulica from Madagascar (“Achatina Fulica” 1). This began the dispersal of A. Fulica from their native homes. Since then, Giant African Land Snails have been widely introduced to many parts of Asia, islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans and has recently reached the West Indies (Civeyrel and Simberloff 1). The snail has been introduced both accidentally and 1
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Nichole Leese A38786095 purposely to many parts of the world for medical purposes, food, research purposes, and as pets (University of Hawaii 2). In 1966, the snail was first introduced in Hawaii,
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course BS 110L taught by Professor ? during the Fall '07 term at Michigan State University.

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Achatina Fulica-paper - Nichole Leese A38786095 Achatina...

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