1 - prove that the costs of crime outweigh the benefits....

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1. The aims of the four main goals of punishment are retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. Retribution also called deserved punishment is punishment inflicted on a person who has infringed on the rights of others and so deserves to be penalized. The severity of the sanction should fit the seriousness of the crime. The philosophy from the bible “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” illustrates this type perfectly. The basic message society is sending is you committed an offense and it was wrong therefore you must be punished there by giving the punisher a degree of satisfaction not to such a degree as would result in vengeance though. Deterrence is the punishment of criminals that is intended to provide an example to the general public and to discourage the commission of offenses. There are two types of deterrence one is called general deterrence figures that citizens, on observing the punishments of others, will
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Unformatted text preview: prove that the costs of crime outweigh the benefits. For it to work the public must always be reminded about the reality of punishment for various acts. The other form of deterrence is called specific deterrence, which targets the choices and behavior of offenders who have already been convicted. The amount and kind of punishment are calculated to discourage that criminal from repeating the offense. Incapacitation figures that society by way of prison or execution can keep an offender from committing further crimes. Rehabilitation is a method designed to restore a convicted offender to a constructive place in society through some form of vocational or educational training or therapy. The offender is treated not punished since many saw it as causes of crime were societal based and the offender could be trained to overcome the obstacles....
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course ADM J 111 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '06 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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