2 - committed a specific offense should receive. Judges may...

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2. The sentencing guidelines are a tool to show to judges the expected sanction for certain offenses, in order to reduce disparities in sentencing. They are designed to limit the sentencing discretion of judges and reduce disparity among sentences given for similar offenses. The range of options is based on severity of the crime and the criminal history of the offender. Totaling points allocated to such factors obtain the offender score. Judges take a look at the grid to see what sentence a particular offender who has
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Unformatted text preview: committed a specific offense should receive. Judges may go outside the guidelines if aggravating or mitigating circumstances exist; however they must provide a written explanation of their reasons for doing so. Sentencing discretion has shifted from the judge to the prosecutor. Prosecutors can choose the charge and as well as the plea bargain; therefore the accused realize that to avoid the harsh sentences specified for some crimes, they must plead guilty and cooperate....
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