4 - more drug offenders and crimes related to drug...

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4. Reasons for the striking rise in the U.S. prison population since 1980 include improved law enforcement and prosecution, tougher sentencing, prison construction, the war on drugs, and state politics. Improved law enforcement and prosecution meaning that offenders are more likely to be not only arrested but prosecuted for not only their original offense but any subsequent offenses including minor technical parole violations. Tougher sentencing meaning that due to the fact the offenders are being sentenced to longer prison terms without many having a chance for parole kept many incarcerated. Prison construction meaning that because the public was favoring harsher sentencing policies prison overcrowding became an serious issue so to combat his more prison have been built thus allowing for more incarcerations and longer ones because with new prisons a judge may feel that an offender should be incarcerated instead of probation thus filling the prisons up more. The war on drugs has no doubt been a contributing factor as
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Unformatted text preview: more drug offenders and crimes related to drug offenders such as robbery, assault, and even murder are being sentenced to longer prison terms as each President has asked Congress to appropriate more funds to campaign against drugs as well as passing stiffer or mandatory minimum sentences for federal drug law violations. State politics affect incarceration. States with high violent crime rates have higher levels of incarceration. States with higher revenues have higher prison populations. States with higher unemployment and where there is a higher percentage of African Americans have higher prison populations. States with more generous welfare benefits have lower prison populations. States with more conservatives have not only higher incarceration rates, but their rates grew more rapidly than did the rates of states with fewer conservatives. Political incentives for an expansive prison policy transcended both major political parties....
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course ADM J 111 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '06 term at Penn State.

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4 - more drug offenders and crimes related to drug...

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