Kamm_(13-31) - Kamm: 13-30 "The Republic" After 367...

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Kamm: 13-30 “The Republic” After 367 consulship usually held by plebeian (consul: consult the people of the senate) o During times of conflict consul could act as dictator, exercising complete control for  up to 6 months o Called “master of the infantry” 356 BC, Gaius Marcius Rutilus first plebeian dictator. Pontifex Maximus responsible for: o Matters of state religion, the calendar, presiding over state ceremonies, and  nominating vestal virgins. Censor:  chief registrar, financial/tax officer, over public works, wide disciplinary powers. o Office instituted in 444BC and held by first plebeian, Gaius Marcius Rutilus(351bc) o Usually restricted to those who had ‘climbed the ladder.’ o Held office for only 18 months Praetor:  chief law officers/judge, understudy to consuls, provincial governer o First plebeian in 337BC Aedile:  supervisor of public works, temples, markets, games. Quaestor:  assistant to consuls, controller of military or civic treasury, keeper of records o First plebeian 409BC Senate:  300 members, nominations automatic and by birth or rank, and later became made  by consuls o Plebeians able to reside on senate during 4 th  century BC o Complete control over finance, administration of state, empire and foreign relations. o Acted as intermediary b/t romans and the gods.
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The 12 Tables o Appointment in 451 BC, the decemviri (committee of ten) Refine, standardize record a code of law Never formally repealed o Everyone – patrician, plebeian, consul, senator, state official, citizen were all subject  to same code. Empire o 265 BC – romans conquered all of Italy below Arno River. o Defeated states usually allowed the right of trade and intermarriage w/ rome. o Roman proverb ‘divide and conquer’ o coast CATO (239-149BC) Cato the elder, not to be confused with his great-grandson o Political leader of utmost integrity and single-mindedness o Raised in rural area (Tusculum) o Consul in 195 BC – Led forces to victory in Spain, retiring from the army in 191 BC o 184 BC – elected to office of censor o Some disliked him for his rural, agricultural ways/harshness/outspokenness o Initiated the first punic war Punic Wars (264 – 146 BC): Greek city of Messana (N.eastern tip of sicily) was seized by Campanian mercenaries
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o In 264 king of Syracuse decided to remove the mercenaries. Mercenaries asked carthage for help
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course CC 302 taught by Professor Galinsky during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Kamm_(13-31) - Kamm: 13-30 "The Republic" After 367...

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