Lectre_One - Lectre One Lecture 1 HOW AND WHAT WE KNOW...

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Lectre One: Lecture 1: HOW AND WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT THE ROMANS I. Some modern perspectives A. Rome and America; Pax Romana and Pax Americana ; some other identifications America/Rome: Pax = peace Not simply bent on conquest, middle east more based on alliances Founders' (e.g. Jefferson ) admiration of Roman Republic (509-31 B.C.) vs. decadent Empire (31 B.C. - A.D. 476) Constitution: checks and balances, veto arena spectacles; Colosseum (note spelling) Colosseum named after a person(maybe emperor) Land owners equal power holders The building pantheon is all, coexistance of religion, cultures The Jefferson memorial build as a model of the pantheon B. Differences: mos maiorum [mores of the majors, i.e. elders) vs. progress; life expectancy; technology; acquisition of wealth; long-term vs. short-term perspectives Romans do not believe in progress, how did our ancestors deal with the problem? Life expectancy – big difference btw now and then, avg life expectance of Roman 35 years Tech – can’t really compare very different Modern - Quick accumulation of wealth C. The Romantic view: creative Greeks and Roman "imitators"; Greek and Roman temples Adapt Roman architectural ideas for there own use
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Greek Temple accessible, Roman temples are not D. The Romans as Stoics and decadents Example of Stoic, hard working people E. Rome as a melting pot; ecumenical [from oikumene ]; peculium – peculiar They are mongrels or hybrid, culturally diverse Peculium – household slave gets monthy allowance to buy freedmen, kids are automatically roman citizens F. Antiquity as inspiration: classicizing architecture, e.g. Disney HQ II. The tasks of the historian A. Documentation; modern vs. ancient B. Interpretation; revisionism (cf. historians on U.S. Presidents) III. Sources and evidence A. Literary: Greek and Roman historians, e.g. Plutarch (c. A.D. 50-120); his sources: 1. Official documents, e.g. Annales Maximi ["Greatest Annals"; from annus = year; cf. annual]; Gallic sack of Rome (390 B.C.) Documentation exists in stone Gals invaded all of Italy took over all of rome except the capital hill. Sacked city in 390 BC and all documents before this were destroyed 2. Family archives and historians; their biases power seems to be held by a few ruling families families employ historians 3. Early Greek and Roman historians; their limitations B. Auxiliary disciplines 1. Archaeology ; UT's excavations at Metaponto (southern Italy), Crimea (Ukraine), and Pylos (Greece); Institute of 2. Inscriptions (epigraphy); lapidary 3. Coins (numismatics): EID MAR = Ides of March ; but who looks at coins and bills: Annuit Coeptis , Novus Ordo
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Seclorum Roman citizens, 90%, lived in the country IV. Conclusion: how to use and interpret this evidence; cultural history vs. political and institutional history
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Lecture 1: HOW AND WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT THE ROMANS I. Some modern perspectives A. Rome and America Pax Romana and Pax Americana; some other identifications America/Rome:
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Lectre_One - Lectre One Lecture 1 HOW AND WHAT WE KNOW...

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