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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 4 Roman Myths and the Roman National Character; Rome's takeover of Italy Continued from Lect. 3: characteristics and functions of myth- They weren’t necessarily a lie, mostly they are used to entertain.-Myths have a historical basis-Myth can be reshaped, retold-Myths are validating , it does tell something about customs and origins, they are an explanation for things that exist-Legend is more associated with history-Folktale is more primitive, usually has to do with someone with more magical, mystical powers-Things can move from one to the other, legend, folktale, myth-It can develop to question ethical issues-It is versatile, a good medium of communication, it is purposeful and functional I. Roman virtues: cf. Livy (in Course Packet, pp. 24 [sorry, starts in the middle of the story] - 29): Horatius- single handedly fought people to save his fellow soldiers, Mucius- Ultimate courage and value wikipedia it, Cloelia , Manlius- We fight together, kills his son because he fought independently of the army to win the war for personal glory, and not as a unit 1. virtus ( vir ) - military and civil—it means strength, courage, (virtuous) 2. pietas ; NOT "piety" but connoting duty, respect, responsibility, obligation; opposite: me-ism, you are NOT putting yourself first, you do something for the common wealth, (duty, respect, obligation, social responsibility) You have a commitment to others. 3. industria: They are agricultural people, they are hard working, you have to be persevering and stick to what you start 4. gravitas : Not being a jerk, having a certain respectful demeanor, being weighty 5. Constantia: See manlius, constancy 6. severitas: Serious II. The presumed Roman traditionalist: Cato the Elder (234-149 B. C.); Course Packet, pp. 71 - 87; Full name: Marcus Porcius Cato-He is an influential statesmen-He uses his influence to strengthen Rome’s tradition and values-He is a paradigm of Roman virtues-He doesn’t succumb to the new culture and all the crazy stuff-He is a symbol of the old way of life, he is pure concentrate on: what makes Cato an exemplar of Roman virtues and values...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course CC 302 taught by Professor Galinsky during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.
- Spring '08