humn5.docx - THE SISTEENTH CENTURY ITALIAN ART HIGH...

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THE SISTEENTH CENTURY – ITALIAN ART HIGH RENAISSANCE POPULAR ARTISTS AND THEIR WORKS Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Leonardo da Vinci is mostly known as a painter, although the artist from Vinci left only a dozen or so works. He designed magnificent buildings that were never constructed,, invented fantastic machines for both peacetime and war, was an engineer, musician, physicist, botanist, anatomist, geologist, geographer, and aerodynamic engineer. He left ten thousand pages of drawings, ideas, sketches, and notes, all written left-handed in reverse, or mirror image. Leonardo considered painting the supreme form of art. For a genius of Leonardo’s scientific nature, it may seem strange that his paintings are not scientific at all but are rather expressions of humanity and emotional feelings. Some of his popular masterpieces are the Madonna of the Rocks, The Last Supper and Mona Lisa. Madonna of the Rocks He painted the Madonna of the rocks in Milan for the Duke of Sforza. The figures form a triangular composition with Mary’s face in the apex. Mary raises her hand in protection of the Christ Child who blesses the infant John the Baptist at the left. The angel points to john who is worshiping the Christ child.
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The Last Supper While in Milan, Leonardo painted the Last Supper on the wall of the dining hall of the monastery of Santa Maria della Grazie. He shows the reaction of Christ’s followers when he said to them, “One of you shall betray me!” Clustered in groups of three which establish a balanced composition, they react in shock and amazement. Mona Lisa
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Leonardo painted a portrait of the wife of one of his Florentine friends, a painting that became known as Mona Lisa. The woman sits in a relaxed position in front of a typical Leonardo landscape. The slightly sad smile o the face of Lisa Giocondo seems somehow familiar if one has seen other paintings by Leonardo, such as Madonna of the Rocks. Michelangelo Bounarroti (1475-1564) The artistic genius of Michelangelo dominated the High Renaissance, and his long life caused his work to be influential in the Late Renaissance and beyond. His earliest masterpiece, the pieta, was done in Rome about 1500 and is a work of profound Christian feeling. The almost nude body of Christ is held on the lap of his mother Mary, who does not grieve sorrowfully over her son but accepts his death as the necessary fulfillment of humanity’s salvation.
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