Lecture_Three - Lecture Three Lecture 3 Early Rome myth...

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Lecture Three Lecture 3: Early Rome: myth, history and archaeology; the nature of myths  I. Romulus, Remus, and Rome     A. the Romulus story; Amulius, Numitor, Rhea Silvia; Remus; lupa - story with most credibility - Two Brothers: Amulius and Numitor o Decided to divide up territory where they live o Fought and Amulius pushed his brother out - Wanted  to make sure that Numitor's daughter, Rhea Silvia, would not have kids  - Makes her a vestal virgin priestess - Mars (the god) hooks up with Rhea Silvia, she has twins o King orders them to be exiled - She-wolf, lupa, adopts the twins - Kids grow up and overthrow bad king  - Set up their own city on the area where they were exposed (mentions similarity  to story of Moses) - Location is key to their successful expansion - access to sea via Tibre  - Remus talks trash to Romulus while he is building Rome; Romulus kills Remus      B. Rome before Romulus: Via Salaria, Tiber Island - settlement before it was Rome.  - Located on a salt route, Via Salaria  - Inhabited since 2000 b.c.     C. archetypes and the heroic pattern; Oedipus, Moses, Cain and Abel  - an original model or type after which other similar things are patterned; a  prototype     D. the "founding" of the "city" of Rome in 753 B.C.; Latins, pomerium,  s[a]eptimontium = "seven hills"  - Latins take over the site of Rome - Pomerium: sacred boundary, Romulus set a boundary around the city - S(a)eptimontium: lost the e and changed meaning to seven hills rather than  "enclosed by mountains." 
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    E. Romulus as the first stage: Sabines, Vestals, the Senate - personification of the first stage of Rome; Romulus never existed - needed to atract more people  o turns Rome into an asylum - needed women  o invites Sabines, and then took their women o ultimately made peace with neighbors - needed political institution o created Senate – "sen" = old o assembly of elders to advise Rome - Vestals: women priesthood "keeping the sacred fire"     F. the second king: Numa - personification of the second stage of Rome; Numa did not exist  - Internal solidification o Looking at structures that guarantee preservation of peace o Priesthood o Not a big conqueror o All internal solidification of internal structure  II. Characteristics of foundation myths in Plutarch's Romulus - nobody can truthfully explain everything, this is where myths step in     A. personalizing and moralizing ( e.g. Tarpeia, p. 25) - preserve morals: o such as lesson of Tarpeia: traitors are killed o Romulus killed by Senate when he became too power-hungry - personalizing makes it easier to identify     B. aetiological (pp. 13, 19, 20 [patron/client], 23 [Talasio], 28 [tribes])
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