Notes for test 2 - P age |1 Notes for test 2 Cyberspace...

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P a g e | 1 Notes for test 2 Cyberspace (and the internet) can be liberating Shy individuals can use online dating sites to overcome inhibitions Low self-esteem individuals prefer asking people out on dates via email People find it allows for a safe place to cyber-flirt. Also allows you to find new friends or romantic partners The internet offers new possibilities for deception and makes well-known forms of deception easer o This does not mean that you cannot detect deception in CMC; it just might take longer to recognize. There are several types of deception that occur regularly in cyberspace Category Deception: Giving the impression of being a particular type that you are not o Gender-switching Whitty (2002) reported that 28% of male chat users have lied about their; 18% of women have. Age, status, physical Appearance Deception o Cornwell and Lundgren (2001) have found that 28% of their respondents misrepresented their physical characteristics (e.g., hair color, weight, or state of health) o Men tend to lie about their education, occupation and income (whitty, 2002) Motives for category Deception: Idealized self-presentation (this is what you think that you look like or present themselves in the most favorable way) o Turkle (1995) argued that CMC allows people to detect unknown aspect of their true self by playing with different roles and identities. o Gergen (2000) indicates it is difficult to find which self to present.
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P a g e | 2 These motives seem to be self-benefitting and not harmful to others, however it may be. Examples that could be harmful? Online daters? (this is a problem because people who were married would go on and cause issues. Now some of these sites are doing some background work like looking for marriage licenses.) Catching category deception: Internet sites o True.com screens their online daters to safe-guard to prevent married people from their sites (check U.S. public records) Individual tactics o Gender differences in linguistic styles Ask sex specific questions o What are appropriate women’s ring sizes? Identity concealment o Involves omission rather than acts of commission According to a Pew internet Project survey (2000) about ¼ of the users had lied at least once when asked for personal data. Women are more likely than men to conceal their identities. Motives for identity Concealment: o Privacy Concerns Women in chat rooms lie for reasons of safety o Cyber-affairs People also conceal their identities in order to flirt or engage in cyber-sex What could be problematic about these motives? Research has found that: o The most sever deception types that occur: (know these 3 in order but we don’t need to know the exact numbers [Utz 2005])
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P a g e | 3 Attractiveness deception (4.47; 7-point severity scale) Category deception (3.75) Identity concealment(2.57) Notes “Flaming” 2-13-08 Flaming is defined as: o Hostile and aggressive interactions via text-based computer-mediated-
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Notes for test 2 - P age |1 Notes for test 2 Cyberspace...

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