Discussion Board Week 6.docx - The Health Promotion Model...

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The Health Promotion Model is a middle-range theory that was developed by Nola J. Pender that focuses around three categories of health promotion. Pender developed this theory after seeing health care professionals intervening only after patients had developed acute or chronic health problems (Pender, 1990). She believed quality of life could be improved by the prevention of problems before they occurred. Pender discovered that most nursing models and theories focused on negative motivations; therefore, she developed the Health Promotion Model theory that focuses on positive motivations with the purpose of promoting wellness, prevention and healthy lifestyles (Masters, 2015). The theory helps nurses understand the major factors that play a role in health behaviors. The nurse can then take this information and begin behavioral counseling to educate and promote healthy living. This is done by examining prior related behavior, the likelihood of the patient engaging in healthy behaviors, and looking at variables that have been shown to impact health behavior (N. Pender & A. Pender, 1980). A therapeutic nurse-patient relationship can be established when utilizing the Health Promotion Model theory. Pender’s theory encourages the nurse to promote autonomy and preserve personhood (Masters, 2015). The critique of Nola J. Pender’s theory was based on ‘principles of

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