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Running head: HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL THEORY CRITIQUEHealth Promotion Model Theory CritiqueJenny OliverMaryville University1
HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL THEORY CRITIQUEHealth Promotion Model Theory CritiqueThe Health Promotion Model is a middle-range theory that was developed by Nola J. Pender that focuses around three categories of health promotion. Pender developed this theory after seeing health care professionals intervening only after patients had developed acute or chronic health problems (Pender, 1990). She believed quality of life could be improved by the prevention of problems before they occurred. This theory is interesting and relevant to this graduate student because this theory is utilized in my everyday practice without realizing it. By critiquing Nola J. Pender’s Health Promotion Model theory based on the tool for evaluating theory by Chinn & Kramer, this graduate student has gained a better understanding of the theory and will continue to apply it to my clinical practice now and in the future. Chinn & Kramer’s method for evaluating a theory is analytical and simplistic and provides a comprehensive approach for evaluating Pender’s Health Promotion Model theory. Description of Health Promotion Model TheoryThere are two different sections to be used when evaluating a theory according to Chinn & Kramer (2011). Description of theory is the first section. This section consists of six sub-headers which include purpose, concepts, definitions, relationships, structure, and assumptions (Meleis, 2018). This graduate student will critically examine the specified topics for clinical value and usefulness.Purpose and Concept of Theory Pender discovered that most nursing models and theories focused on negative motivations; therefore, she developed the Health Promotion Model theory that focuses on positive motivations with the purpose of promoting wellness, prevention and healthy lifestyles (Masters, 2015). The theory helps nurses understand the major factors that play a role in health 2
HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL THEORY CRITIQUEbehaviors. The nurse can then take this information and begin behavioral counseling to educate and promote healthy living. This is done by examining prior related behavior, the likelihood of the patient engaging in healthy behaviors, and looking at variables that have been shown to impact health behavior (N. Pender & A. Pender, 1980). Definition of Theory Pender’s defines her theory as a “complementary counterpart to models of health protection” (Petiprin, 2016, para. 1). She defined health as a “positive dynamic state” as opposedto just the “absence of disease” (Petiprin, 2016, para. 1). Health promotion can be defined as increasing a patient’s level of well-being. Pender’s definition of her theory gives us a clear