siddharthastudyguide.doc - Siddhartha Herman Hesse...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Siddhartha , Herman Hesse Siddhartha Study guide ABOUT THE AUTHOR: ASSIGNMENT: Contest: create a Prezi The best presentation will be used in a class workshop and rewarded extra credit . (You do not have to present your presentation, just create it. ) You will be graded on clean design, concise presentation of information, relevant and informative supplemental images, videos, and resources, and your works cited page. Your prezi must present the following information about Eastern Religions and any additional information related to the history and culture of Siddhartha. You are responsible for organizing the information provided, DOING ADDITIONAL RESEARCH (and citing sources), and developing a presentation that compares Hinduism and Buddhism. ALLUSIONS Historical Background: Siddhartha incorporates numerous allusions to the myths, doctrines, and rituals of Hinduism and Buddhism. It is important to understand some basic ideas about these world religions in order to fully understand the novel. 1. Hinduism: Has roots in the religion of the Aryan peoples (speakers of Indo-European or Indo-Iranian languages) who invaded India @1500 B.C.E. No single founder, grew over the course of 4,000 years in India Hinduism evolved into a Polytheistic religion Sacred texts= Vedas -composed in Sanskrit -handed down orally for centuries -oldest gradually committed to writing around 1200 B.C.E. with the Rig Veda (a celebrated collection of hymns) -expanded in succeeding centuries ~ Brahmanas (priestly commentaries on the sacrifice) and the Upanishads (complex philosophical treatises) These texts, the shruti (that which is written), are regarded as a basic, legitimate source of religious authority. They are complemented by: o Smriti (that which is remembered) o The Puranas (collections of myth, ritual, philosophy, and two ancient Indian epics) Ramayana Mahabharata (100,000 lines of verse composed over time from 300 B.C.E. to @ C.E. 1300) 1 st phase of Hinduism— Brahmanism —perform Vedic sacrifice to establish proper relationship with the gods and the cosmos Doctrine of Brahman : the absolute reality that is the Self of all things 2. Caste System: (Though not officially in effect any longer, still very influential) Brahmins (priests & scholars) at the top, Kshatriyas (rulers & warriors)—Siddhartha was born into this class, at the pinnacle of the social hierarchy. Thus, he can read and write, unlike other characters in the novel. Vaisyas (farmers & merchants) Background Notes: adapted from the Prentice Hall study guide & notes of Helaine Braunig.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Siddhartha , Herman Hesse Sudras (peasants & laborers) Below the caste system lie the Untouchables (engage in menial or religiously “impure” tasks. This caste was unable to participate in religious ritual, live near members of other castes, etc. Untouchable caste legally abolished in 1949 (soon after independence from Great Britain) Mohandas K. Ghandi , a Hindu, called the Untouchables Harijans (children of God) worked toward abolishment of caste system.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern