euh midterm.docx - French Revolution 1789 first upheaval...

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French Revolution – 1789 first upheaval based on enlightenment Ludwig Lo & Company – 1892 Jewish company that made faulty guns for German army Law for the restoration of the professional civil svc – April 1933, throw Jews out of national government (teachers, judges, civil svc, professors). Affected 5000 Jews. Jews banned from local businesses. Nuremberg Laws – 1935, 1 st was Reich citizenship law (Germans are citizens w full protection of the law, Jews are subjects who are protected in return for $ obligations) 2 nd protection for German blood & honor, no marriage bet Jews/Germans, definition of a Jew is not based on religion, it’s blood and race (3 or 4 Jewish grandparents, otherwise a mongrel) Kristallnacht – night of broken glass. Nov 9-10 1938. Pogrom against Jews in Germany. windows of stores & synagogues were broken. 30,000 Jews arrested and sent to concentration camps. The Palestine White Paper – British make a policy statement that over the next 5 yrs they limit amount of Jews to 75,000 allowed to go to Palestine. May 1939, when Jews are desperately trying to leave Europe, illegal ships were taking Jews to Palestine. National Origins Immigration Act – 1924 “Johnson Reed Act”, quotas per country based on 1890 # of visas allowed. 4 types (exit, transit, entrance, short/long term). Get by going to consulate, no guarantee. Evian Conference – July 1938, called international conf in France to discuss ways to resolve refugee crisis. Germany will not let jews leave with $. Argentina tightens restrictions. 92,000 Jews enter US, more than anywhere else even Palestine. Roosevelt leans on Cuba, Brazil, Dominican Republic, Bolivia, and Alaska. Reinhard Heydrcih – chief of the security police. Set concentration order Sep 21, 1939: to concentrate Jews in larger cities, no cities less than 500. Protocols of the Elders of Zion – 1 st published in 1903, central prophecy is that Jews would wreck the old order and assume global control with their influence in government and money.
Beer Hall Putsch: 8-9 Nov 1923, a failed attempt by Natzi party leader Hitler to take over Munich, Bavaria. Hitler arrested for treason, sent to jail, wrote Mein Kampf. Hitler viewed this as way to get noticed by the German gov and the time in prison allowed him to write his book. Hermann Goedsche – wrote the rabbi’s speech: the promise of world domination 1872. Talks about secret meetings among 13 jews. Fictional but treated as fact because it was widely circulated. Also known as “The Speech” Hermann Ahlwardt 1890s – anti-semitic member of Reichstag, author of The Desparate Struggle Between Aryan and Jew. Wanted to close Germany’s borders to Jewish immigrants. Treaty of Versailles – June 1919, most important peace treaty, formally ended WWI, Germans viewed as a humiliation. Germany lost territory and had to pay $ to countries they damaged.

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