Philosophy - Notion of Human Being.docx

Philosophy - Notion of Human Being.docx - Eastern Samar...

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Eastern Samar State University Guiuan Campus SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL PROGRAMME Guiuan, Eastern Samar S.Y. 2017-2018 Introduction to Philosophy of Human Person Notion of the Human Being (René Descartes and Gabriel Marcel) Submitted by: GROUP III Eugene Rey L. Lavilla Robert T. Sabalberino Catherine P. Bagro Angielica G. Caberio Desiree C. Danas Floriza Macale Fatima M. Odon Jocelyn Quilbio Riza Salas Kathy Maru T. Abrajano Submitted to: Charie Ann Cabides – Padullon August 2017 Biography René Descartes Philosopher, Academic, Mathematician, Scientist (1596–1650)
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Quick Facts René Descartes Portrait after Frans Hals , 1648 [1] Born 31 March 1596 La Haye en Touraine , Kingdom of France Died 11 February 1650 (aged 53) Stockholm , Sweden Nation ality French Educat ion Collège Royal Henry-Le-Grand (1607–1614) Alma mater University of Poitiers University of Franeker Leiden University Era 17th-century philosophy Region Western Philosophy School Rationalism Founder of Cartesianism Main interes ts Metaphysics , epistemology , mathematics , physics , c osmology Notabl e ideas Cogito ergo sum , method of doubt , method of normals , Cartesian coordinate system , Cartesian dualism , foundationalism , ontological argument for the existence of God, mathesis universalis , folium of Descartes , dream argument , evil demon , conservation of momentum ( quantitas motus ) [2] Influences Plato , Aristotle , Archimedes , Alhazen , Al-Ghazali , [3] Averroes , Avicenna , Anselm , Augustine , Stoics , Aquinas , Ockham , Suarez , Mersenne , Sextus Empiricus , Montaigne , Golius , Beeckman , Harvey , [4] Viète , [5] Duns Scotus [6] Influenced Virtually all subsequent Western philosophy , especially Spinoza , Leibniz , John Locke , Nicolas Malebranche , Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet [7] Blaise Pascal , Isaac Newton , Immanuel Kant , Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Edmund Husserl , Noam Chomsky , Slavoj Zizek , David Chalmers Signature Page 2 of 36
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Life Story QUOTES “I think; therefore I am." ("Cogito ergo sum.")” —René Descartes Synopsis René Descartes was born on March 31, 1596, in La Haye en Touraine, France. He was extensively educated, first at a Jesuit college at age 8, then earning a law degree at 22, but an influential teacher set him on a course to apply mathematics and logic to understanding the natural world. This approach incorporated the contemplation of the nature of existence and of knowledge itself, hence his most famous observation, “I think; therefore I am.” Early Life Philosopher René Descartes was born on March 31, 1596, in La Haye en Touraine, a small town in central France, which has since been renamed after him to honor its most famous son. He was the youngest of three children, and his mother, Jeanne Brochard, died within his first year of life. His father, Joachim, a council member in the provincial parliament, sent the children to live with their maternal grandmother, where they remained even after he remarried a few years later. But he was very concerned with good education and sent René, at age 8, to boarding school at the Jesuit college of Henri IV in La Flèche, several miles to the north, for seven years.
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