Concept Paper.doc - INTRODUCTION A mental disorder also...

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INTRODUCTION: A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder , is a diagnosis by a mental health professional of a behavioral or mental pattern that may cause suffering or a poor ability to function in life. Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode. Many disorders have been described, with signs and symptoms that vary widely between specific disorders. The causes of mental disorders are often unclear. Theories may incorporate findings from a range of fields. Mental disorders are usually defined by a combination of how a person behaves , feels, perceives , or thinks .This may be associated with particular regions or functions of the brain , often in a social context . A mental disorder is one aspect of mental health . Cultural and religious beliefs, as well as social norms , should be taken into account when making a diagnosis. Services are based in psychiatric hospitals or in the community , and assessments are carried out by psychiatrists , clinical psychologists, and clinical social workers , using various methods but often relying on observation and questioning. Treatments are provided by various mental health professionals . Psychotherapy and psychiatric medication are two major treatment options. Other treatments include social interventions, peer support , and self-help . In a minority of cases there might be involuntary detention or treatment. Prevention programs have been shown to reduce depression. Common mental disorders include depression , which affects about 400 million, dementia which affects about 35 million, and schizophrenia, which affects about 21 million people globally. Stigma and discrimination
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