Unformatted text preview: What makes a
Guidelines Gengatharan Das 1 Two questions What is this text saying? (summary) What do I think about what it’s saying ?
Gengatharan Das 2 State the bibliographical
information Eg. B.Ballard and J.Clanchy (1985).
Study abroad: A manual for Asian
students (Chapter 2: ‘Cultural variation in
style of thinking’). Longman: Malaysia Gengatharan Das 3 Introduction Introduce the broad issue the text is
addressing Think about how you can relate the text
you are reviewing to its broader context Gengatharan Das 4 Summarising the text Accurately represent the ideas in the
original text Focus on more important ideas Ensure that the reader who has not read
the text would be able to understand your
summary Length – depends on the review Summary and evaluation – equal length
Gengatharan Das 5 Summarising the text - Introduce the text – give an overview:
The text and its authors
The main content covered in the text
The author’s main argument
State the argument in your own words Gengatharan Das 6 Summarising the text Summarise the supporting evidence: i. Main argument Ii. Evidence to support the main
argument Think about how the evidence is used to
support the main argument
Gengatharan Das 7 Summarising the text Rounding off:
- Conclusion of your summary
- Only the ideas of the author are used in
this summary not your own Gengatharan Das 8 Evaluating the text Say what you think about the text
Elaborate its strengths and weaknesses
Say what is interesting about the text
If it is not interesting, say why
How much are you persuaded by it?
How much has it contributed to your
understanding of the issue?
Gengatharan Das 9 Evaluating the text As you read the text take note of the
impressions you have of it These impressions can be worked into
well-supported evaluative statements Gengatharan Das 10 Evaluating the text Negative comments:
Being ‘critical’ does not mean that you
have to be ‘negative’ Some of the reasons – limited evidence;
cultural bias; oversimplification; lack of
logic Determine your criteria for evaluation
Gengatharan Das 11 Evaluating the text Positive comments:
Always try to get a balanced commentary
Usefulness – positive comment
Decide whether it is going to be positive
or negative and organise your material
accordingly Gengatharan Das 12 Editing Check for spelling, typographical or
grammatical errors Read your work thoroughly before
submitting Always print out your draft and do your
editing; avoid editing on the screen Gengatharan Das 13 Some General Criteria for
evaluating texts - Significance and contribution to the field
Possible focus questions:
What is the author’s aim?
How far has the aim been achieved?
How does this text add to the existing
body of knowledge?
Gengatharan Das 14 Questions
- How does the text relate to other works
in the field?
- Anything missing/not stated? Gengatharan Das 15 Methodology or approach Approach – quantitative or qualitative;
analysis/review of theory/ current
practice; comparative; case study;
personal reflection Objective or biased? Results – valid and reliable? Analytical framework
Gengatharan Das 16 Argument and evidence Study the problem, statement or
hypothesis What claims are made? Is the argument consistent? Type of evidence Valid and reliable? Is the evidence effective?
Gengatharan Das 17 Argument and evidence What conclusions are drawn? Are these conclusions justified? Gengatharan Das 18 Style and structure Is the style suited to the audience?
- expert/non-expert; academic/nonacademic
- How is the text organised? Gengatharan Das 19 What makes a good
critical review? Correct information about the author,
date and article in the introduction Summarises the purpose and main idea
of the article in the introduction Shows evidence of analytical thinking in
the summary section Evaluates the article against a number of
Gengatharan Das 20 What makes a good
critical review? Provides a final evaluation – strengths
and weaknesses Makes sufficient reference to the author
of the article Makes appropriate use of reporting verbs Makes appropriate use of summarising
Gengatharan Das 21 What makes a good
critical review? Makes appropriate use of evaluation
vocabulary Clear transitions between paragraphs Provides full bibliographical details at the
end of the article Gengatharan Das 22 THANK YOU Gengatharan Das 23 ...
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- Fall '15