What makes a good critical review.ppt - What makes a good critical review Guidelines Gengatharan Das 1 Two questions What is this text saying(summary

What makes a good critical review.ppt - What makes a good...

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Unformatted text preview: What makes a good critical review? Guidelines Gengatharan Das 1 Two questions What is this text saying? (summary) What do I think about what it’s saying ? (evaluation) Gengatharan Das 2 State the bibliographical information Eg. B.Ballard and J.Clanchy (1985). Study abroad: A manual for Asian students (Chapter 2: ‘Cultural variation in style of thinking’). Longman: Malaysia Gengatharan Das 3 Introduction Introduce the broad issue the text is addressing Think about how you can relate the text you are reviewing to its broader context Gengatharan Das 4 Summarising the text Accurately represent the ideas in the original text Focus on more important ideas Ensure that the reader who has not read the text would be able to understand your summary Length – depends on the review Summary and evaluation – equal length Gengatharan Das 5 Summarising the text - Introduce the text – give an overview: The text and its authors The main content covered in the text The author’s main argument State the argument in your own words Gengatharan Das 6 Summarising the text Summarise the supporting evidence: i. Main argument Ii. Evidence to support the main argument Think about how the evidence is used to support the main argument Gengatharan Das 7 Summarising the text Rounding off: - Conclusion of your summary - Only the ideas of the author are used in this summary not your own Gengatharan Das 8 Evaluating the text Say what you think about the text Elaborate its strengths and weaknesses Say what is interesting about the text If it is not interesting, say why How much are you persuaded by it? How much has it contributed to your understanding of the issue? Gengatharan Das 9 Evaluating the text As you read the text take note of the impressions you have of it These impressions can be worked into well-supported evaluative statements Gengatharan Das 10 Evaluating the text Negative comments: Being ‘critical’ does not mean that you have to be ‘negative’ Some of the reasons – limited evidence; cultural bias; oversimplification; lack of logic Determine your criteria for evaluation Gengatharan Das 11 Evaluating the text Positive comments: Always try to get a balanced commentary Usefulness – positive comment Decide whether it is going to be positive or negative and organise your material accordingly Gengatharan Das 12 Editing Check for spelling, typographical or grammatical errors Read your work thoroughly before submitting Always print out your draft and do your editing; avoid editing on the screen Gengatharan Das 13 Some General Criteria for evaluating texts - Significance and contribution to the field Possible focus questions: What is the author’s aim? How far has the aim been achieved? How does this text add to the existing body of knowledge? Gengatharan Das 14 Questions - How does the text relate to other works in the field? - Anything missing/not stated? Gengatharan Das 15 Methodology or approach Approach – quantitative or qualitative; analysis/review of theory/ current practice; comparative; case study; personal reflection Objective or biased? Results – valid and reliable? Analytical framework Gengatharan Das 16 Argument and evidence Study the problem, statement or hypothesis What claims are made? Is the argument consistent? Type of evidence Valid and reliable? Is the evidence effective? Gengatharan Das 17 Argument and evidence What conclusions are drawn? Are these conclusions justified? Gengatharan Das 18 Style and structure Is the style suited to the audience? - expert/non-expert; academic/nonacademic - How is the text organised? Gengatharan Das 19 What makes a good critical review? Correct information about the author, date and article in the introduction Summarises the purpose and main idea of the article in the introduction Shows evidence of analytical thinking in the summary section Evaluates the article against a number of criteria Gengatharan Das 20 What makes a good critical review? Provides a final evaluation – strengths and weaknesses Makes sufficient reference to the author of the article Makes appropriate use of reporting verbs Makes appropriate use of summarising vocabulary Gengatharan Das 21 What makes a good critical review? Makes appropriate use of evaluation vocabulary Clear transitions between paragraphs Provides full bibliographical details at the end of the article Gengatharan Das 22 THANK YOU Gengatharan Das 23 ...
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