Russian CC Study Guide .docx - Russian Culture and Context...

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Russian Culture and Context Preparation for Midterm 1 Possible Topics Double- headed eagle Statues of Peter the Great Architecture Orientalism Mongols Autocracy Europeanization The Winter Palace/Architecture Religion Serfdom Time of Troubles Peter and Catherine the Great The Origin of Rus Iconography Autocracy Auto „self“, crate „ruler“- no other is ruling, one person is ruling No one/no institution that can check on the autocrat’s power The Times of Trouble = Major evidence that Russia… o cannot imagine a country without an autocrat o cannot imagine an autocrat that is not Orthodox Autocratic ideology allows different interpretations o Rituals, symbols, public rhetoric Emphasized the ruler’s absolute and sacred power Reminded everyone that the Tsar was required to be a truly Christian ruler, always acting for the good of his people, in consultation with his best men o Tsar’s legitimacy was divided in Divine selection Religious and moral obligation o Ritual which emphasized this complexity of autocracy Palm Sunday, on foot, led a group, symbolically enacting Christ’s arrival in Jerusalem Symbolic, Tsar is subservient before Christ and the church, subordination of the secular to the religious government
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Or Symbolic, for Tsar’s absolute and sacred authority I the earthly politics Complex structure of Muscovite “authority” o Tsar did not have all the power – boyar duma, zemskii sobor o Resemblance to Western institutions Muscovite formula for state decisions o “the sovereign directed and the boyars assented” Consequences of The Ties of Trouble for Autocracy: o Persistence and strengthening of autocracy o Despite all troubles, autocracy as a political order survived unimpaired o In the end, Autocracy appeared more than ever as the only legitimate form of government for Russia No more multiple people with claim to the thrown No more impostures o “appeared as the only certain guarantee of peace and security” One person in Power to unite the country Diversity of Russia’s population needs one ruler to establish a sense of nationalism/one empire o Always movements for a better Tsar but never for a different form of rule o Every group wanted to be in power, but all wanted one of them to rule o The most of important consequence of the Times of Trouble was the state’s heightened authority and legitimacy Autocrat is “the state” o Liberals may think that the survival of autocratic power made alternative political paths less likely Importance of pretenders highlighted Russia’s politically immaturity o Russia needed an autocrat to grow up The Times of Trouble The Times of Trouble 1598-1613 o Divided in 3 Phases (Platonov) Dynastic Social National Dynastic Phase o Tsar Theodor passed, Muscovite family died out, no natural successor to thrown o Russia with no autocrat:
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