Sociology test 2 study guide.pdf - SOC 1300 Dorsey Exam 2 Vocabulary Social Structure The External Forces most notably social hierarchies and

Sociology test 2 study guide.pdf - SOC 1300 Dorsey Exam 2...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 11 pages.

SOC 1300 Dorsey Exam 2 Vocabulary Social Structure- The External Forces, most notably social hierarchies, and institutions that provide the context for individual and group action Social Hierarchy- provides individuals and groups with different kinds of social status Inequality- differences in endowments and valued goods held by individuals or families, such as income, wealth, status, or well-being Life Chances- Individual’s long -term possibilities and potential Intergenerational social mobility- the movement and individuals from the social position of their parents into their own social position as adults Glass ceiling- metaphor used to describe the lack of progress women have made moving into valued executive positions Power- the ability to influence the behavior of others Privilege- the ability or right to have special access to opportunities or claims on rewards; by which a dominant group seeks to monopolize opportunities and control rewards or at least prevent its existing ones from eroding Discrimination- where a dominant group uses either legal or informal means to control opportunities and reduce or eliminate challenges from subordinate groups Social movement- collective action aimed at bringing about some kind of change, like civil rights movement and women’s movement, as well as legal and political challenges Stereotypes- faulty generalizations about a subordinate group applied to all members of the group Demography- study of population size Critical mass- a point where everyone becomes aware of the and they are large enough to sustain some kind of important activity Immigration- when individuals and families move to take up residence in a new country Apartheid- in which explicit racial laws and rules regulated the large African majority to second-class citizenship until they were undone in peaceful revolution Institutions- enduring customs of social life as well as longstanding formal organizations Organizations- social networks that are unified by a common purpose Institutionalized- when beliefs became systematically spread and formalized
Curriculum- the structure of coursework and content of a sequence of courses making up a program of study in a school or school system Welfare state- government policies, particularly those associates with the bundle of policies and programs that provide social insurance and social assistance Norms- basic rules of society that help us know what is and is not appropriate to do in any situation Socialization- the process through which we are taught and trained to behave in society or a social setting; how we come to understand the expectations and norms of our groups Habitus- set of specific set of habits Classes- different economic and social groups Structuralism- view the emphasizes the ways in which social structure primarily determines our individual lives and behavior; believe that individuals have little agency

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture