K ENTUCKY D EPARTMENT FOR P UBLIC H EALTH T ITLE V F ACT S HEET T EEN S MOKING Prevention for smoking is a better solution than trying to get people who smoke to quit. Ninety percent (90%) of adult smokers begin smoking as teens. Interventions to prevent teens from starting to smoke will be the most effective in preventing the health consequences of smoking. Magnitude of the Problem: According to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey 1 , the percentage of high school students in Kentucky smoking cigarettes on a daily basis has declined from 26% in 2003 to 20% in 2009. Additionally, in 2009, 26.1% of high school students reported smoking on one or more days in the past 30 days while 12% reported smoking on 20 or more days in the past 30 days. These numbers have declined from 32.7% and 18.4% respectively in 2003. (Figure 1) There is additional data available from the 2008 Kentucky Youth Tobacco Survey 2 which is administered to middle and high school students. In 2006, 34% of 6 th graders reported use of any type of tobacco compared to 26% in 2008. For 12 th graders, these numbers were 45% in 2006 and 41% in 2008. A decline was seen in the lifetime use of any type of tobacco in all grades except the 10 th grade between 2006 and 2008. (Figure 2) Contextual factors playing a role in teen smoking include smoking policies (smokefree communities, cigarette tax), the influence of media and social interactions (peers and family). In Kentucky, there are 23 smoke-free community-wide ordinances or regulations (10 of 120 counties) 3 . The state cigarette tax in Kentucky is $0.60 per pack compared to the average of $1.31 per pack for all states combined 4 . Peer influence is demonstrated in the Kentucky Youth Tobacco Survey with 88% of middle school current smokers and 91% of high school current smokers reporting that they have at least one or more friends who currently smoke. An increase was noted in the never smoking middle school respondents with 21% reporting a friend who smoked in 2006 compared to 31% in 2008. 2 The Impact of Teen Smoking: Cigarette smoking during childhood and adolescence results in significant
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- Spring '17
- stacy braiuca