PLSC UNIT 2.pdf - Chapter Four Civil Liberties and Rights...

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Chapter Four Civil Liberties and Rights Know the key terms. 1. _____ - limitations on the government s ability to interfere with the individual 2. _____ - obligation imposed on government to take positive action to protect citizens from any illegal action of government agencies and of other private citizens 3. _____ - a state cannot discriminate against someone from another state or give its own residents special privileges 4. _____ - the right of every citizen against arbitrary action by national or state governments 5. _____ - provision of the 14 th Amendment guaranteeing citizens the equal protection of the laws 6. _____ - government policies or programs that seek to redress past injustices against specified groups by making special efforts to provide members of these groups with access to educational and employment opportunities 7. _____ - the right of government to take private property for public use 8. _____ - a test used by the Supreme Court in racial discrimination cases and other cases involving civil liberties and civil rights that places the burden of proof on the government rather than on the challengers to show that the law in question is constitutional 9. _____ - test to determine whether speech is protected or unprotected, based on its capacity to present a clear and present danger to society 10. _____ - an effort by a governmental agency to block the publication of material it deems libelous or harmful in some other way 11. _____ - legal term that applies to anything offensive to morals 12. _____ - the 5 th amendment right providing that a person can t be tried twice for the same crime 13. _____ - a search and seizure by a law enforcement officer without a search warrant and without probable cause to believe that evidence of a crime is present 14. _____ - the ability of courts to exclude evidence obtained in violation of the 14 th amendment 15. _____ - the requirement, from Miranda vs. Arizona, that persons under arrest must be informed prior to police interrogation of their rights to remain silent and to have the benefit of legal counsel 16. _____ - doctrine that public accommodations could be segregated by race but still be considered equal 17. _____ - a written statement made in reckless disregard of the truth that is considered damaging to a victim because it is malicious, scandalous, and defamatory 18. _____ - an oral statement made in reckless disregard of the truth that is considered damaging to a victim because it is malicious, scandalous, and defamatory 19. _____ - the act of exposing oneself 20. _____ - when southern legislatures passed laws of segregation directed against blacks at the end of the 19 th century a. civil liberties f. slander k. exclusionary rule p. clear and present danger b. civil rights g. double jeopardy l. affirmative action q. unreasonable search&seizure c. due process of law h. strict scrutiny m. Miranda rule r. self-incrimination d. eminent domain i. prior restraint n. separate but equal s. equal protection e. libel j. obscenity o. Jim Crow laws t. privileges & immunities
Understand the difference between substantive and procedural liberties.

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