Hypertension Fact Sheet.docx - Hypertension Pathophysiology o Diagnosis o Prehypertension SBP 120-139 mmHg DBP 80-89 mmHg o Hypertension SBP> 140 mmHg

Hypertension Fact Sheet.docx - Hypertension Pathophysiology...

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Hypertension Pathophysiology : o Diagnosis: o Prehypertension: SBP: 120-139 mmHg; DBP: 80-89 mmHg o Hypertension: SBP> 140 mmHg; DBP > 90 mmHg o Causes: primary hypertension: unknown cause ; secondary hypertension: sleep apnea, drug induced causes, chronic kidney disease, renovascular disease, Cushing syndrome, and thyroid disease Medications: o Goals: o Control BP o Reduce CV and renal morbidity and mortality o High-risk conditions and medications: o Heart Failure: ACE inhibitors Beta blockers Aldosterone antagonists o Postmyocardial Infarction: ACE inhibitors Beta blockers Aldosterone antagonists o High Risk for CAD: ACE inhibitors Beta blockers Calcium channel blockers
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o Diabetes: ACE inhibitors Beta blockers Calcium channel blockers Lifestyle Modifications: 1. Lose weight 2. Limit alcohol (> 2 drinks/day males; > 1 drink/day females) 3. Aerobic physical activity 30 min/day, most days/week 4. Reduce salt intake 5. Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, low fat dairy, reduced saturated fat, increased potassium intake 6. Stop smoking Exercise Response: o During exercise:
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