Obesity Fact Sheet.docx - Obesity Pathophysiology o Obesity excessive accumulation of body fat o Contributing factors Hypothalamic endocrine and genetic

Obesity Fact Sheet.docx - Obesity Pathophysiology o Obesity...

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ObesityPathophysiology:oObesity: excessive accumulation of body fatoContributing factors:Hypothalamic, endocrine, and genetic disordersConsumption of excess total calories, sedentary lifestyle, or bothoComorbidities: obesity increases the overall risk and severity of numerous diseases; correlated with an increased risk of CAD, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetesManagement/Medications:oGoals:oReduction of fat weightoPreservation of lean body weightoMost common treatments of obesity: Behavior change focused in dietary and habits toward weight reductionWith morbid/extreme obesity, more invasive interventions are appropriateoGoals of FDA approved medications:Reducing fat absorptionSuppressing appetiteStimulating the CNSBariatric Surgery:1. Lap-Band: minimally invasive surgery, involves placement of an adjustable silicone band around the
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top portion of the stomach, creating a small gastric pouch that reduces the capacity of the stomach and
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