AP Psychology Adulthood.docx - Aileen Molina AP Psychology...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 8 pages.

Aileen Molina AP Psychology Adulthood: Are You Over The Hill? PART 1 I. Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development - Sensorimotor: In this stage the infant explores the world through sensory and motor contact, they may touch everything and put things in their mouth, object permanence is also developed. In my personal experience, I don’t remember this stage but my mom said she couldn’t keep her eyes off of me because I put everything that I could find in my mouth. - Pre-operational: In this stage children think symbolically, they cannot still grasp concepts such as time and effect or understand the viewpoint of others, the child is also egocentric. My personal experience with this stage was when I moved from Puerto Rico to America, I couldn’t understand that I was in a completely different part of the world or how leaving and starting a new life altered anything. - Concrete Operational: In this stage, children demonstrate logical reasoning and become less egocentric, they also begin to understand that their thoughts are different from other people. For me, this was
when my parents argued and I could see they both completely believed in their point of view and that they had different thoughts and opinions. - Formal Operational: In this stage, they begin to understand problems and think more scientifically, they can find multiple solutions to a problem and hypothetically reason to solve it. My personal experience with this stage is very current since this is the stage I am in right now, I can solve algebra problems and think of solutions to issues and conflicts that haven’t occurred yet, such as college and my future. II. Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development - Preconventional Morality: The consequences determine the morality. Behaviors are categorized as good or bad because of punishment and rewards. For me, my mom would buy me a toy when I did good things such as say thank you or behave when we were with other people. - Conventional Morality: It is categorized by the social conventions of what is right and wrong. For me, when my parents do something wrong like park somewhere where you could get a ticket, I always warn them that it’s wrong. - Postconventional Morality: The moral may be determined by the person as to what is wrong and what is right according to the situation. I am still not at this level of morality since it is primarily adults but I sense I am starting to develop this stage of morality because I have been faced with conflict and situations which have led me to do so.
III. Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages -

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture