04/10/17Apartheid Vocabulary1.Petty apartheidPetty apartheid was in contrast to the Grand Apartheid. It is segregating in daily life things/routine. For example: Segregation will occur daily in trains, buses, restaurants, and pools. This act was first practiced after the Prohibition of Mixed Marriage Act 55 of 1949 was passed. This act did not allow the white race and people of other races to marry. Also the black race was not allowed to run businesses unless they had permits. If they wanted to open a business, it had to be in the black “homeland”. All transportation facilities were also segregated, including ambulances. Hospitals were segregated as well, causing overcrowding of patients. Blacks were only allowed in white areas with a pass and if found without one, they were arrested. They were many more things that blacks were not allowed to do, such as to buy hard liquor and buy land in white areas. 2.Grand apartheidThis apartheid was widespread during the 1960s and 1970s. It involved segregation of races and removing black people from areas the belong to white race. The grand apartheid segregated the blacks from house and employment related situations. Laws were passed that wanted blacks living separately from them. The Grand apartheid caused blacks towns and locations to be created. The Population Registration Act of 1950 was the first grand apartheid law that was passed. It issued identity cards the stated the individuals racial class. The Group Areas Act of 1950 was the second part of the grand apartheid. This act ended diverse living conditions. It decided what part of the area people lived according to their race. The Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act of 1951 was passed. This allowed for the bad towns of blacks to be destroyed by the government. However, the whites then payed for the construction for houses to be built for the black workers who were permitted to live in the cities. 3. HF VerwoerdThis individual was from South Africa. He was scholar of philosophy, sociology, and psychology. He was also the sixth Prime Minister of South Africa. He was born in September 1901 and died September 1966. Verwoerd is known for putting racial policies of apartheid in to effect. He also forcefully put into effect the legal classification system. In 1958 he rose to power. The rights of ordinary people, specifically blacks, were diminished. When Verwoerd ordered an “all-secret offensive” against opposers of apartheid, it resulted in death. Thousands of people were imprisoned, tortured, and killed. He believed that the only way white could keep control in South Africa was if the different races lived apart. He was assassinated in 1966.