Chapter 11.docx - Chapter 11 Chapter 11 Interest Groups The Role of Interest Groups Theories of Interest Group Politics What Makes an Interest Group

Chapter 11.docx - Chapter 11 Chapter 11 Interest Groups The...

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Chapter 11 Chapter 11: Interest Groups The Role of Interest Groups Theories of Interest Group Politics What Makes an Interest Group Successful How Groups Try to Shape Policy Types of Interest Groups Understanding Interest Groups Summary Chapter Outline and Learning Objectives The Role of Interest Groups LO 11.1: Describe the role of interest groups in American politics. Theories of Interest Group Politics LO 11.2: Compare and contrast the theories of pluralism, elitism, and hyper pluralism. What Makes an Interest Group Successful LO 11.3: Analyze the factors that make some interest groups more successful than others in the political arena. How Groups Try to Shape Policy LO 11.4: Assess the four basic strategies that interest groups use to try to shape policy. Types of Interest Groups LO 11.5: Identify the various types of interest groups and their policy concerns. Understanding Interest Groups LO 11.6: Evaluate how well Madison’s ideas for controlling the influence of interest groups have worked in practice. The Role of Interest Groups LO 11.1: Describe the role of interest groups in American politics. Interest Group An organization of people with shared policy goals entering the policy process at several points to try to achieve those goals. Interest groups pursue their goals in many arenas.
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Interest groups are distinct from political parties. Political parties fight election battles; interest groups do not field candidates for office but may choose sides. Interest groups are policy specialists; political parties are policy generalists. Theories of Interest Group Politics LO 11.2: Compare and contrast the theories of pluralism, elitism, and hyper pluralism. Pluralism Elitism Hyper pluralism Pluralist Theory Competition among groups trying to get their preferred policies. Elite Theory Upper-class elite holds most of the power and run government. Hyper pluralist Theory Groups are so strong that government is weakened. Pluralism Groups provide a link between the people and the government. Groups compete and no one group will become too dominant. Groups play by “rules the game.” Groups weak in one resource may use another. Lobbying is open to all groups. Elitism Groups are unequal in power. Awesome power is held by the largest corporations.
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