Chapter 11 Chapter 11: Interest Groups • The Role of Interest Groups • Theories of Interest Group Politics • What Makes an Interest Group Successful • How Groups Try to Shape Policy • Types of Interest Groups • Understanding Interest Groups • Summary Chapter Outline and Learning Objectives • The Role of Interest Groups • LO 11.1: Describe the role of interest groups in American politics. • Theories of Interest Group Politics • LO 11.2: Compare and contrast the theories of pluralism, elitism, and hyper pluralism. • What Makes an Interest Group Successful • LO 11.3: Analyze the factors that make some interest groups more successful than others in the political arena. • How Groups Try to Shape Policy • LO 11.4: Assess the four basic strategies that interest groups use to try to shape policy. • Types of Interest Groups • LO 11.5: Identify the various types of interest groups and their policy concerns. • Understanding Interest Groups • LO 11.6: Evaluate how well Madison’s ideas for controlling the influence of interest groups have worked in practice. The Role of Interest Groups LO 11.1: Describe the role of interest groups in American politics. • Interest Group • An organization of people with shared policy goals entering the policy process at several points to try to achieve those goals. • Interest groups pursue their goals in many arenas.
• Interest groups are distinct from political parties. • Political parties fight election battles; interest groups do not field candidates for office but may choose sides. • Interest groups are policy specialists; political parties are policy generalists. Theories of Interest Group Politics LO 11.2: Compare and contrast the theories of pluralism, elitism, and hyper pluralism. • Pluralism • Elitism • Hyper pluralism • Pluralist Theory • Competition among groups trying to get their preferred policies. • Elite Theory • Upper-class elite holds most of the power and run government. • Hyper pluralist Theory • Groups are so strong that government is weakened. • Pluralism • Groups provide a link between the people and the government. • Groups compete and no one group will become too dominant. • Groups play by “rules the game.” • Groups weak in one resource may use another. • Lobbying is open to all groups. • Elitism • Groups are unequal in power. • Awesome power is held by the largest corporations.
- Winter '20