Study Guide (Exam 2).docx - Concepts Theories Theorists...

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Concepts, Theories, Theorists Charlotte Perkins Gilman- What life was like for women in the 19th Century when Gilman was writing o Before women’s suffrage movement In what aspects Gilman was accomplished (for example, as a sociologist, etc.) o Had a very low education, considered a sociologist, was a teacher, was part of American Sociological Association, was a published writer, international following that was cult-like Reasons Gilman is regarded as a sociologist o Considered herself a sociologist o Hired for lectures o One of first to teach gender inequality o Published books/academic journals o First female entrance into American Sociological Association o First to explain how/why gender inequality took place What Gilman was seeking to explain o How and why gender inequality took place Theoretical traditions which Gilman utilized o Multidimensional approach: Marxism, symbolic interactionism, and sociobiological emphasis (social Darwinism) Personal and academic experiences o Little to no formal training, severe hardship, questioned authority, became depressed and was told not to be intellectual Role as an activist o Women’s suffrage movement drew from her ideas Focus of theoretical perspective o Economic and political basis of gender inequality o Challenged biological differences between males and females, no reason to socialize women as inferior o Biological AND behavioral differences: females superior Core ideas- Identified factors that produce and reproduce gender inequality o Men make the money, social/economic standing comes from husband, women socialized into inequality
Ideas on the division of labor of the traditional family o Renders women economically dependent on men, stripping women of their freedom o Women seen as without value o Women are exploited Views on socialization of girls and women o Women taught to be soft, pretty, viable life partners o Talents are denied so they can be weak o Appearance is most important asset, trying to attract a partner How views on gender socialization translate to current society o Today, women should be “nice” and follow authority, and look good o Men should be creative and authoritative o Vet med used to be male dominated force but since women are in it, pay going down and prestige going down Reasons for use of animal analogies o Not allowed to vote o Not allowed to own property o Not allowed to have higher education o Used for economic gain, without being paid for their use (like a horse) Problematic aspects of her theorizing o She made biological arguments about race and gender o She believed that she was speaking from the perspective of all women, but she was speaking from the stance of white upper class-ish.

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