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Concepts, Theories, TheoristsCharlotte Perkins Gilman-What life was like for women in the 19th Century when Gilman was writingoBefore women’s suffrage movementIn what aspects Gilman was accomplished (for example, as a sociologist, etc.)oHad a very low education, considered a sociologist, was a teacher, was part of American Sociological Association, was a published writer, international following that was cult-likeReasons Gilman is regarded as a sociologistoConsidered herself a sociologistoHired for lecturesoOne of first to teach gender inequalityoPublished books/academic journalsoFirst female entrance into American Sociological AssociationoFirst to explain how/why gender inequality took placeWhat Gilman was seeking to explainoHow and why gender inequality took placeTheoretical traditions which Gilman utilizedoMultidimensional approach: Marxism, symbolic interactionism, and sociobiological emphasis (social Darwinism)Personal and academic experiencesoLittle to no formal training, severe hardship, questioned authority, became depressed and was told not to be intellectualRole as an activistoWomen’s suffrage movement drew from her ideasFocus of theoretical perspectiveoEconomic and political basis of gender inequalityoChallenged biological differences between males and females, no reason to socialize women as inferioroBiological AND behavioral differences: females superiorCore ideas- Identified factors that produce and reproduce gender inequalityoMen make the money, social/economic standing comes from husband, women socialized into inequality
Ideas on the division of labor of the traditional familyoRenders women economically dependent on men, stripping women of their freedomoWomen seen as without valueoWomen are exploitedViews on socialization of girls and womenoWomen taught to be soft, pretty, viable life partnersoTalents are denied so they can be weakoAppearance is most important asset, trying to attract a partnerHow views on gender socialization translate to current societyoToday, women should be “nice” and follow authority, and look goodoMen should be creative and authoritativeoVet med used to be male dominated force but since women are in it, pay going down and prestige going downReasons for use of animal analogiesoNot allowed to voteoNot allowed to own propertyoNot allowed to have higher educationoUsed for economic gain, without being paid for their use (like a horse)Problematic aspects of her theorizingoShe made biological arguments about race and genderoShe believed that she was speaking from the perspective of all women, butshe was speaking from the stance of white upper class-ish.