GOV Final exam.docx - Def on Government Textbooks Max...

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Def on Government: Textbooks’, Max Weber’s & Henry Clay’s Weber- a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a give…. Why Gov?-America’s collective values: freedom, order, and equality -Dealing w the market failures: monopolies, unprovided public goods, externalities\spillover effects, asymmetrical information -Result of gov=mutual benefits -How?: gov is the enforcement mechanism -Free riders Def of Politics:textbook; alt- an enterprise w the ultimate goal of having a say in composition ofthe gov’s leadership, how gov is organized, and what its policies will be; simple- struggle over who gets what, when, how. How politics and political science differ Polly science: The study of the state as an entity Politics- opinoiin, conjecture, and punditry Polly science- qualitative, qualitative, empiricalThomas Hobbes Wrote Leviathan: advocated for an absolute sovereign ruler as a caretaker for the people-w/out gov, life would exist in a chaotic “state of nature”-Hobbes on the state of nature: the life of a man would be solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. John Locke-Highly influential on The Founding Fathers-Claimed human nature is defined by reason and tolerance-Supported social contract theory-Emphasized separation of church and state-Said to have inspired “Life, Liberty, & the Pursuit of Happiness” ^ more ab life, liberty, and property Articles of Confederation -Central flaws: weak central gov’t Gridlock : unanimous votes required-Bankruptcy Massive debts -Troubled economy Congress had no power over money -Unresolved conflicts State to state conflicts -No execution of the laws Executive branch was nearly non existent
Constitution: the product Republicanism-Sovereignty of the ppl, electing agents to make public policy decision for youSeparation of Powers-Est. the 3 branched-Checks and balancesFederalism-National, state, and local govs all holding somepowerStrong protections for the individual 1.Civil rights 2.Civil liberties The Great CompromiseOutcome: seperation of powersStrong central gov 3 branches -Legislative-Executive -Judicial [Unitary Federal Confederation ][Strong medium weak ]Federalists -James Madison-Written by “Publius”-Federalist #10: removing the cause of factionDestroy the liberty essential to its existenceGive every citizen the same opinions, passions, interests (impossible in the presence of liberty)Latent cause of faction is sown in the nature of humanity -

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