GOV Exam 2 Notes.docx - Purple = definition Bold= Chapter...

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Purple = definition Bold= Chapter topicBlue = ask yourself Q’sPink =significant people Yellow = research on your own GOV Exam 2 NotesCongress Presidential System: The Cabinet Typically the cabinet members fall in like w the President’s agenda Confirmed by the senate -9 nominees have been rejected -Most recent rejection: Senator John Towers Presidential System: AdvantagesGridlock→ slows it down Better protection for the minority -POTUS vs opposition or split congress More prolonged and perhaps more careful examination of public policy -If one side holds “too much” power. There is less debate It’s a trade-off: Risk of being too slow v risk of minorityDisadvantages: Confusion on accountability -Often no singular source of blame Slows things down too much when action may likely have more utility -Continuing budget resolutions instead of a true omnibus bill -At its worst, gov’t can shut down Structure of Congress: Bicameralism About how many legislative bodies in the world have two chambers?-Some upper chambers are slowly being phased out -Recall the House of Lords -Upper Chambers are typically quite weak Most scholars consider the two US chambers to be equal -Likely the only existing system to claim this Structure of Congress: Why Two Chambers?The Great/Connecticut Compromise -Federalists v. Anti-federalists each viewed “equal” representative differently The upper chamber (senate) reps the entire state-States as equal units deters larger states from holding executive power The house of representative represents the state by population -Districts as equal units w each state gets at least one representative What is the risk in granting a minimum number of representatives?-Increasingly less representation as the population grows Structure of Congress: the house Capped at 435 reps There can be risk in having too many reps as well Reps characteristics -Smaller population of constituents -More concentrated constituency -More homogenous constituency Apportionment What is the risk in setting the minimum number of house representatives a state can have?
Purple = definition Bold= Chapter topicBlue = ask yourself Q’sPink =significant people Yellow = research on your own -Wyoming population: 582,685-Vermont population: 626,630-North Dakota population: 723,393-Alaska population: 735,132Recall: the AVG was listed at ab 670,000Structure of Congress: The Senate 100 senators Large constituents → very diverse and heterogeneous Often former house members Represents their respective state LawmakingThe process of debating and initiating the rules that govern society Multiple referralsLogrolling: a legislative practice wherein reciprocal agreements are made b/w legislators,usually in voting for or against a bill. In contrast to bargaining, logrolling unites parties that have nothing in common but their desire to exchange support.

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