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EDM Test #2 Study GuideDISCO(genre and cultural history)Peter Shapiro – Disco: Playing With a Different SexLeading up to disco – history: 60s: America undergoing sexual revolution sexual liberation. Groove of late 60’s influence.Disco is a Musical Revolutionwithout any media exposure. Who: all-night underground party people – speakeasies, warehouses: exclusive, members-only loft parties.Oppressed, minorities, ethnically and sexually diverse, social outcasts: Gay / Gay Pride and black culture People against heterosexual free straight American rock and funk. Stonewall Riots:Reaction against police pressure. Liberation, feelings of joy, orgasmic sensations is an expression of Gay rights movement.Homosexual: threat to society. Police and society pressure: Mental illness, crime, sin.Discos became a means to attack against the police supporting Gay liberation, as they were raiding clubs and arresting people of the same gender who danced together.After the riots, gays were out and proud and demanding equal rights. Laws against homosexuals were appealed and disco clubs became more spread out, private parties.Transcends racial, ethnic and sexual barriers in the 70s and created modernclub culture.Gallery: official beginning of disco club culture. Affordable party culture. Euphoric - LSD related black music. Inclusivity and pleasure. Utopian nirvana.“pleasure dome in which rhythms of eroticism were inseparable from thoseof the machine”.Sytnthesizer, mechanistic throbs of the Moog: disco producers like Giorgio MoroderGiorgio Moroder: From Italy. 70s, he came across the Moog and had the number one song to feature a synthesizer.His music was welcomed and became the top in America, with his collaborations with Donna Summer from Casablanca records from LA – voices of orgasmic senses: detachment of anonymous sex.
Moog: rhythmic and rapid timbres, mechano-eroticism. Synthesized bassline and drum sequences, vocoder effects.I Feel Love: uplifting rhythmic beat but euphoric and romantic vocals. Lead to many genres, European disco. Casablanca records: music industry and market.Disco became trans Atlantic. Market: new labels catering to the disco sound. Female pleasure and satisfaction: feminism and female empowerment. Pop music: women were sexually explicit.Mixing and DJs: revolution of spinning turntables. Continuous mixing records. R &B songs with breaks.