1.Introduction1.American Foreign policy during the cold war involved containment (contain communism to small parts of the world) and to build new atomic forces to keep up with the Russians.2.Threat of nuclear war added to tensions between the US and USSR, other countries developed far more destructive bombs.3.Great increase in defense spending and the military industrial complex. 4.Soviet Union and US could not fight each other, because a nuclear war would kill everybody. America gave support to smaller, poorer nation. Russia and China gave support to Vietnam.5.American Domino Theory: If one country fell to communism, it would not take long for communism to go to other countries, and eventually it would be on our shores. Wanted to contain communism as much as possible. 2.Eisenhower’s New Look1.Policy of Mutual Assured Destruction1.Wanted to fight a cold war, was aware of threat of the Soviet Union, but wanted to do it without a huge budget. Atomic weapons and troops are expensive. 2.Cut military expenditures while trying to make the US prepared. US continuedto give aid to foreign countries, but would cut the size of its own army and build up the nuclear forces. 1.Became known as the New Look policy- The policy emphasized reliance on strategicnuclear weapons to discourage potential threats, both conventional and nuclear, from the Eastern Bloc of nations headed by the Soviet Union.2.If Soviets or Chinese threatened, they talked about their nuclear weapons3.Brinksmanship: the act of pushing a situation to the verge of war in order to threaten and encourage one's opponent to back down.4.Eisenhower put this policy in place, as nuclear weapons became more powerful. Soviets had capacity to reek havoc on US as well.5.Mutually Assured Destruction: The doctrine assumes that the opposition has enough nuclear power to destroy their side and if attacked, either side would respond in equal or greater force, leading to total destruction; threats started to die down after awhile, because nothing ever happened. The US threatenedChina twice when they threatened to take over two small islands: Query and Matsu1. Sec. of state wanted to use smaller, more tactical records for warfare,Eisenhower had been talking about liberating Eastern Europe2.Had been an opportunity when Stalin died to arrive at some sort of settlement, Eisenhower’s threats made it hard for the US and USSR to negotiate anything 2.Covert Operations1.Eisenhower backed these secret actions, backed by the CIA. Behind the backof the US congress.