The War for Independence: A Revolution and A Civil WarBy: Elise Stevens Wilson
British vs BritishAt the dawn of the American Revolution most of the people living in the 13 colonies considered themselves to be British under the power of King George III. Before the first shot was fired, colonists debated and argued with each other as to whether the colonies should break from their mother country, Great Britain. This conflict pitted neighbor against neighbor and brother against brother. The war for independence was in fact a civil war.
Key TermsTory/Loyalist – Term used for a colonist who supported Great Britain and wanted the colonies to remain part of Britain. At the end of the war many became refugees and were forced to leave America.
ToriesCareful. If your were a Tory you might suffer at the hands of a Patriot mob.After the war, Loyalists were welcomed back into Britain and her land.
Rebels/ Patriots – Term for the colonists who supported colonial independence from Great Britain.